Pankova S.V. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation firstname.lastname@example.org
Tsypin A.P. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation email@example.com
Popov V.V. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation firstname.lastname@example.org
Importance The article considers one of components of the country's food security, namely, self-reliance on basic agricultural products, like grain, meat, and milk. Objectives The aim of the study is to define trends in agricultural production in 1913–2013 by key producing countries. Methods The study employs general scientific methods: analysis and synthesis, and economic and statistical methods: graphical, tabular, and a ratio analysis. Results The findings show an increase in grain production in five out of six represented countries; in Russia there is a decline in production due to significant decrease in agricultural lands. Self-reliance on grain indicates an excess of demand over domestic production. Russia, Great Britain and China do not have sufficient domestic resources to produce meat and milk, the U.S. joins this group only in milk production. The countries supply milk and meat through imports, and this threatens their food security in this area. Conclusions The analysis of the level of production and the factor of self-sufficiency in the area of agricultural production in large countries of the world enables to conclude on the increase in the volume of production without threats to food security with regard to grain production, and availability of threats to meat and milk production. This fact keeps the import substitution policy of the Government of the Russian Federation up to date.
Keywords: agriculture, statistics, comparison, food security, countries worldwide
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