Subject The article reviews the elements and factors of economic sustainability and offers mathematical models enabling to assess the economic condition of Russian industrial enterprises under current market conditions. Objectives The purpose is to build economic and mathematical models to analyze factors of economic stability and assess conditions for their stabilization and development. Methods To build mathematical models and obtain quantitative findings, we employ methods of systems theory, and cluster and factor analysis. Relevant statistical data of the Federal Service of State Statistics of the Russian Federation for the period from 2010 to 2015 served as the information base for the models' development. We performed multiparameter calculations and plotting, using the Statistica software package. Results We present the results of cluster analysis of an array of economic indicators reflecting the economic stability of industrial enterprises. We distinguish and compare two main clusters. The paper formulates and analyzes conditions, under which industrial enterprises are incorporated in a certain cluster. We present a graphical interpretation of the clustering process, along with numerical estimates. Conclusions We offer a technique of multiparameter analysis of industrial enterprises' economic activity, enabling to evaluate their economic sustainability based on a cluster analysis. It shows that at present the enterprises of the fuel and energy complex, steelmaking industry, and finished metal product manufacturers are the most stable enterprises of the Russian industry.
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