International Accounting
 

Criteria of recognition of transactions as sham and feigned: Accounting, auditing, and legal approaches

Vol. 21, Iss. 9, SEPTEMBER 2018

Received: 14 August 2018

Received in revised form: 30 August 2018

Accepted: 4 September 2018

Available online: 14 September 2018

Subject Heading: THEORY OF ACCOUNTING

JEL Classification: К12, М41

Pages: 992–1006

https://doi.org/10.24891/ia.21.9.992

Aldarova T.M. East Siberia State University of Technology and Management, Ulan-Ude, Republic of Buryatia, Russian Federation
aldarova_t@inbox.ru

ORCID id: not available

Subject This article studies fictitious and simulated transactions from the law, accounting and auditing points of view.
Objectives The article aims to describe the legal, accounting and auditing approaches to the consideration of null and void deals by identifying and classifying the criteria for the recognition of such deals as the sham and feigned ones.
Methods For the study, I used the methods of comparative analysis, systematization, and generalization.
Results The article presents the argument that from the legal point of view, imaginary and simulated transactions should be referred to the flaw-in-the-will transactions. Accounting and auditing approaches imply their attribution to the defect-of-a-substance transactions. If the balance between the form and the content of business operation items arising from the essence of such transactions is not observed, the recognition of them as imaginary and feigned is the object of professional judgment of the accountant (auditor).
Conclusions and Relevance The article concludes that the legal approach is focused on the identification of imaginary and feigned transactions, the form of which is not required by law. Accountants and auditors should assess the content of such transactions. They are not obliged to classify dubious transactions as imaginary and legally feigned. The results of the research can be applied in the preparation of scientific and educational publications on the theory and practice of accounting and auditing in terms of principles and methodology of accounting and auditing.

Keywords: imaginary deal, fraudulent transaction, accounting, auditing, approach

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