Importance Managing social and economic systems of the State and attaining the required defensive capacity constitute a relevant and significant issue, since emerging geopolitical conditions, the need to combat world terrorism and conflict resolution methods are of growing importance for the defensive capacity of the State. Objectives We select and justify conditions for ensuring the required defensive capacity of the State through the management of social and economic systems. Methods To achieve this goal and address the issues, we devise a model reflecting how social, economic and military systems of the State influence each other. To analyze the results, methods of the theory of economic oscillations were used, and the optimal solution was found using iterative numerical methods. Results We outline a methodological approach, which allows to assess the benchmark adjustment to principle items of the budget so to reach the required defensive capacity in line with the existing social and economic systems of the State. Conclusions and Relevance When managing the social and economic systems of the State and ensuring the required defensive capacity, it is advisable to use the proposed methodological approach, which allows not only to assess consequences of a certain management decision, but also to formulate recommendations for achieving the required result. The findings can be used to improve techniques and methods for managing and planning the development of social and economic systems of the State, as well as to justify the required, affordable costs for ensuring the defensive capacity of the State.
Keywords: model, objective function, optimization task, management, social system, economic system
Engels F. Anti-Dyuring. Dialektika prirody [Anti-Dühring. Dialektik der Natur]. Moscow, EKSMO Publ., 2017, 832 p.
Benoit E. Defense and Economic Growth in Developing Countries. Lexington, MA, Lexington Books, 1973.
Madden G.G., Haslehurst P.I. Causal Analysis of Australian Economic Growth and Military Expenditure: A Note. Defence and Peace Economics, 1995, vol. 6, iss. 2, pp. 115–121. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10430719508404818
Kollias C., Makrydakis S. A Note on the Causal Relationship between Defence Spending and Growth in Greece: 1955–93. Defense and the Israeli Economy. Defence and Peace Economics, 2000, vol. 11, iss. 1, pp. 173–184. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10430710008404945
Murdoch J.C., Pi C.‐R., Sandler T. The Impact of Defense and Non‐Defense Public Spending on Growth in Asia and Latin America. Defence and Peace Economics, 1997, vol. 8, iss. 2, pp. 205–224. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10430719708404876
Chernavskii D.S., Starkov N., Malkov S.Yu. Model' sovremennoi makroekonomiki Rossii. V kn.: Stsenarii i perspektivy razvitiya Rossii [Model of modern macroeconomics in Russia. In: Scenarios and development prospects of Russia]. Moscow, LENAND Publ., 2011, 320 p.
Good H., Machol R. Sistemotekhnika: vvedenie v proektirovanie bol'shikh system [System Engineering: An Introduction to the Design of Large-Scale Systems]. Moscow, Sovetskoe radio Publ., 1962, 383 p.
Il'ichev A.V. Effektivnost' proektiruemoi tekhniki. Osnovy analiza [Efficiency of designed equipment. Basics for Analysis]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1991, 336 p.
Zhukov A.O., Gladyshev A.I. [Advantages and disadvantages of simulation with the use of neural networks]. Vestnik Rossiiskogo novogo universiteta. Slozhnye sistemy: modeli, analiz, upravlenie = Vestnik of Russian New University. Complex Systems: Models, Analysis, Management, 2013, no. 4, pp. 53–55. (In Russ.)
Zhukov A.O., Dzhincharadze A.K., Kozlov V.L. Printsipy modelirovaniya strukturnykh elementov avtonomnykh elektroenergeticheskikh sistem v usloviyakh impul'snykh kommutatsionnykh perenapryazhenii. V kn.: Problemy oboronosposobnosti i bezopasnosti. No. 12 [Principles for modeling structural components of autonomous electric engineering systems alongside with impulse switching overvoltage. In: Issues of defensive capacity and security. Number 12]. Moscow, Analiticheskii tsentr Publ., 2015, pp. 245–257.
Burlov V.G. Osnovy modelirovaniya sotsial'no-ekonomicheskikh i politicheskikh protsessov. Ch. 1. (Modeli. Tekhnologii) [Fundamentals of socio-economic and political processes modeling. Part 1 (Models, Technologies)]. St. Petersburg, Strategiya budushchego Publ., 2007, 278 p.
Burlov V.G. Osnovy modelirovaniya sotsial'no-ekonomicheskikh i politicheskikh protsessov Ch. 2. (Metodologiya. Metody) [Fundamentals of socio-economic and political processes modeling. Part 2 (Models, Technologies)]. St. Petersburg, Saint Petersburg State Polytechnical University Publ., 2007, 265 p.
Andronov A., Vit A., Khaikin S. Teoriya kolebanii [The theory of oscillations]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1981, 918 p.
Valyaev I.N., Zhukov A.O. [The mathematical model of the correlation-phase direction finder]. Aktual'nye problemy i perspektivy razvitiya radiotekhnicheskikh i infokommunikatsionnykh sistem – RADIOINFOKOM–2015: materialy II mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Proc. 2nd Int. Sci. Conf. Current Issues and Prospects of the Development of Radio Engineering and Information and Communication Systems – RADIOINFOKOM–2015]. Moscow, MIREA Publ., 2015, pp. 322–331.
Burenok V.M., Naidenov V.G., Polyakov V.I. Matematicheskie metody i modeli v teorii informatsionno-izmeritel'nykh sistem [Mathematical methods and models in the theory of data measuring systems]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 2011, 336 p.