Importance The research explores the role of the Russian customs service in ensuring the national economic security. I also focus on the risk management system as a key tool for the Russian customs service to protect respective economic interests. Objectives I set up principal goals and functions of the Russian customs service as an economic security agent. The article describes what role it plays in protecting the national economic interests by legislative principle and economic security indicator. I analyze the way the risk management system is applied as a key economic security tool of the Russian customs services, and detect principal problems. Methods The methodological underpinning includes a systems approach coupled with such scientific methods as deduction and induction, synthesis, formal and logic method, comparative analysis, statistical analysis and expert assessment. Results I examined what role the customs service plays in ensuring the national economic security through functions and objectives it is to perform, and key aspects of national economic interest protection. I reveal the substance of risk management system as a tool ensuring the economic security of the Russian Federation. Conclusions and Relevance As the customs service performs its regulatory duties in order to ensure the national economic security in foreign trade, this process includes a set of economic, legislative, organizational and other activities intended to drive economic development, efficiency of foreign trade relations and protect economic interests of the State. The risk management system is a key tool that helps the customs service implement respective duties.
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