Importance This article discusses the trends in the changes of Human Development Index (HDI) as an aggregate measurement of the living standard of the population of the Novosibirsk oblast, Siberian Federal District, and the Russian Federation. Objectives The article aims to assess the changes and current state of the Human Development Index and its components in the mentioned regions. Methods For the study, I used the analytical and graphical methods, as well as aggregation and comparison. The works by domestic and foreign scientists are the study's theoretical background. The UN Annual Reports on Human Development and materials of the Russian Federal State Statistics Service are the informational background. Results The article presents an analysis of the changes and current state of the Human Development Index and its components in the Novosibirsk oblast, Siberian Federal District, and the Russian Federation. The article describes the assumptions and fundamental strengths and weaknesses of the Human Development Index as generalizing characteristics of the population's standard of living. Conclusions and Relevance Through the Human Development Index, it is possible to assess economic growth, social changes and the social and economic policies of the State at both the regional and international levels. The HDI components reflect the main aspects of the population's standard of living and can be used as indicators for the implementation of various federal and regional programs.
Keywords: standard of living, human development index, life expectancy index, education index, income index
Beсker G.S. Chelovecheskoe povedenie: ekonomicheskii podkhod [An Economic Approach to Human Behavior]. Moscow, HSE Publ., 2003, 672 p.
Malthus T.R. Opyt o zakone narodonaseleniya [An Essay on the Principle of Population]. Petrozavodsk, Petrokom Publ., 1993, 136 p.
Marx K. Kapital [Das Kapital]. Leningrad, Pechatnyi dvor Publ., 1952, 376 p.
Marshall A. Printsipy ekonomicheskoi nauki [Principles of Economics]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1993, 594 p.
Petty W. Traktat o nalogakh i sborakh [A Treatise of Taxes and Contributions]. Leningrad, Petrokom Publ., 1993, 186 p.
Ricardo D. Nachala politicheskoi ekonomii i nalogovogo oblozheniya [On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation]. Moscow, Gospolitizdat, Sotsekgiz Publ., 1955–1958, vol. 1, 360 p.
Smith A. Bogatstvo narodov [An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations]. Moscow, Sotsekgiz Publ., 1935, p. 280.
Troshenok S.V. [The theory and practice of use of an index of human development]. Teoriya i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiya = Theory and Practiceof Social Development, 2010, no. 3, pp. 45–52. (In Russ.)
Komarov V.V. [Global dynamics of the Human Development Index]. Vestnik Rossiiskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo zaochnogo universiteta = Herald of Russian State Agrarian Correspondence University, 2013, vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 156–160. (In Russ.)
Buevich A.P. [Human capital as a condition for the formation of the region's innovative economy]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo = Journal of Economy and Entrepreneurship, 2017, no. 4-1, pp. 279–291. (In Russ.)
Prokof'ev O.V. [Econometric model of the Human Development Index]. Simvol nauki, 2016, no. 1-1, pp. 166–168. (In Russ.)
Dugar-Zhabon R.S. [Evaluation of the life quality in the region in the light of Human Development Index]. Vestnik Angarskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta = Bulletin of Angarsk State Technical University, 2016, no. 10, pp. 263–265. (In Russ.)