Regional Economics: Theory and Practice
 

Cities and towns of Russia: Classification and typology

Vol. 16, Iss. 7, JULY 2018

Received: 18 May 2018

Received in revised form: 13 June 2018

Accepted: 21 June 2018

Available online: 17 July 2018

Subject Heading: SPATIAL ECONOMICS

JEL Classification: R13

Pages: 1235–1249

https://doi.org/10.24891/re.16.7.1235

Manaeva I.V. Belgorod State University, Belgorod, Russian Federation
in.manaeva@yandex.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4517-7032

Importance Russian cities and towns are differentiated not only by population size, but also by a number of other indicators. This fact necessitates the development of a city typology system.
Objectives The aim of the study is to develop a set of criteria for typology of Russian cities.
Methods The study draws on methods of grouping, classification, systems and complex analysis, expert assessment.
Results The paper distinguishes criteria of Russian cities classification, namely population size, relation to the State border, distance from the city having million plus population or the principal city, population density, type of economy, city function. Russia does not have cities with population ranging from 2,000 to 5,000 thousand people. High and above-average density of population is observed in the Moscow oblast, in Moscow it is above-average.
Conclusions Highly concentrated urban agglomeration is around Moscow. A special type of towns – monotowns – are numerous in Russia. The study may serve as a theoretical basis for developing recommendations on reducing inter- and intraregional differentiation in Russia.

Keywords: typology, city, town, typology, criteria

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