Importance As India and Pakistan acceded the SCO as its full members, this marked the onset of the SCO in Eurasia. This will lay the firm basis for the multipolar world advocated by Russia and China. Objectives The research analyzes contradictions in the Russian–Chinese relationships under the SCO that arise from geopolitical changes and challenges in its activities. Based on the conclusions, I outline areas for the SCO development in Eurasia as part of economic, security and humanitarian cooperation. Methods The research relies upon a horizontal and comparative analysis of the SCO activity and global events. I also overview official documents and proceedings by national and foreign scholars. The research also involves the content analysis of the policy and strategy of the SCO countries and compares their results with anticipated possibilities and challenges in Eurasia. Results The Eurasian space is shown to be of geostrategic and economic significance for the SCO countries since its helps oust the USA from global leadership positions, load domestic industrial capacities and develop the national infrastructure, reach new distribution markets, this contributing to the multipolar world. Conclusions and Relevance As I conclude, India and Pakistan's accession to the SCO provide new opportunities for the SCO in Eurasia. To seize the opportunities, I propose how pending issues of the SCO might be solved, possible approaches to admitting new members and implementing economic projects. I underline the need to protect the SCO countries and strengthen the information and humanitarian policies.
Morozov Yu.V. Integration Prospects for Eurasia: The Approaches of China, Russia and the United States. FarEasternAffairs, 2016, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 22–36.
Morozov Yu.V. [The prospects of the U.S. policy in relations with China and Russia].Problemy Dal'nego Vostoka = Problems of the Far East, 2017, no. 3, pp. 42–51. (In Russ.)
Luzyanin S.G., Vasil'ev L.E., Klimenko A.F. et al. Strategiya razvitiya Shankhaiskoi organizatsii sotrudnichestva do 2025 g.: iskhodnye realii i faktor rossiisko-kitaiskogo partnerstva:monografiya [The SCO development strategy up to 2015: The original background and the Russian–Chinese partnership factor]. Moscow, Institute of Far Eastern Studies RAS Publ., 2015, 168 p.
Gordienko D.V. Ekonomicheskaya bezopasnost' Rossii. Teoreticheskii i metodologicheskii aspekty: monografiya [Economic security of Russia. Theoretical and methodological considerations: a monograph]. Moscow, Prospekt Publ., 2016, 282 p.
Klimenko A.F. Strategiya razvitiya Shankhaiskoi organizatsii sotrudnichestva: problemy oborony i bezopasnosti [The SCO development strategy: Defense and security issues]. Moscow, Institute of Far Eastern Studies RAS Publ., 2009, 348 p.
Morozov Yu.V. Strategiya Zapada v Tsentral'no-Aziatskom regione v nachale XXI veka: monografiya [The strategy of the West in Central Asia in the early 21st century: a monograph]. Moscow, Institute for Far Eastern Studies RAS Publ., 2016, 376 p.
Klimenko A.F. [Prospects for the SCO-based and bilateral cooperation among Russia, India and China]. Voennaya mysl' = MilitaryThought, 2007, no. 5, pp. 18–25. (In Russ.)
Morozov Yu.V. Amerikanskaya politika i strategiya v lokal'noi voine v Afganistane i ikh vliyanie na regional'nuyu bezopasnost' [The U.S. policy and strategy for the local war in Afghanistan and its influence on the regional security]. Moscow, Institute of the USA and Canada Studies RAS Publ., 2015, 152 p.