National Interests: Priorities and Security

Spatial factor of damages from urban air pollution

Vol. 14, Iss. 4, APRIL 2018

Received: 23 January 2018

Received in revised form: 19 February 2018

Accepted: 7 March 2018

Available online: 14 April 2018


JEL Classification: Q52, Q53

Pages: 640–657

Krupina N.N. Institute of Service, Tourism and Design, Branch of North-Caucasian Federal University, Pyatigorsk, Stavropol Krai, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Importance It is still important and vital for national interests and environmental security if the spatial factor of urban air pollution damage is properly assessed.
Objectives I substantiate my vision of the spatial factor and its role in causing damage. My vision is based on the need to consider the uneven dispersion of pollutants and the effect of overlapping contamination cloud from separate emission sources.
Methods I apply a system approach, methods of comparative and logic analysis of cause-and-effect relationships within the scheme emission source → dispersion of pollutants → contamination zone → damage.
Results I study the substance and specifics of the spatial factor effect resulting in environmental and economic damage from a negative impact emission sources have on air. To specify the concept and signs of the active contamination zone with the heavily uneven dispersion of pollutants, I analyze available points of view and methods for detriment assessment, substantiate the need to adjust the criterion σZAZ, propose indicators measuring the overlapping coefficient and density of active contamination zone. The new approach is aimed to find local areas of the highest possible air pollution.
Conclusions and Relevance In large industrially developed cities, powerful emission sources aggravate the total contamination as pollutants unevenly disperse and have a cumulative effect, which needs to be considered for damage assessment purposes. Optimization of σZAZ required to identify those air zones which are highly likely to be exposed to long-standing air pollution. The practical significance of the proposed algorithm is that it expands practical tools for technological risk management.

Keywords: pollution source, uneven dispersion, cloud contamination, active contamination zone, damage, spatial criterion, σ ZAZ


  1. Levda N.M., Postnikov V.P. [Evaluation of environmental damage to population and economy of region from air pollution]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2013, no. 25, pp. 37–45. URL: (In Russ.)
  2. Mai I.V., Sedusova E.V., Muftieva M.S. [Legal regulation problems of the organization of sanitary protection zones in urban areas]. Vestnik PNIPU. Prikladnaya ekologiya. Urbanistika = Bulletin of Perm National Research Polytechnic University. Applied Ecology. Urban Development, 2013, no. 2, pp. 33–44. (In Russ.)
  3. Baitelova A.I. [Estimation of change of the atmosphere quality of urbanized territory (on the example of industrial district of Orenburg)]. Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta = Vestnik of Orenburg State University, 2004, no. 9, рр. 90–97. URL: (In Russ.)
  4. Shabanova S.V., Sagitov R.F., Perekhoda D.L. [The impact of emissions of power industry enterprises on the adjacent territory]. Izvestiya Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta = Bulletin of Orenburg State Agrarian University, 2015, no. 6, рр. 205–208. URL: (In Russ.)
  5. Shagidullin A.R. et al. [Determination of the air emission impact zone related to the Nizhnekamsk industrial hub]. Vestnik Kazanskogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta = Herald of Kazan Technological University, 2016, vol. 19, no. 15, рр. 177–180. URL: (In Russ.)
  6. Egorov V.N., Chernova M.V. [The mechanism to assess environmental damage caused by production activities]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2015, no. 8, рр. 38–46. URL: (In Russ.)
  7. Kornyakov A.B., Troitskaya E.V. [Calculating concentration of harmful emissions into the atmosphere in the presence of several sources of pollution]. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory = Ecological Systems and Devices, 2013, no. 8, pp. 12–15. (In Russ.)
  8. Revyakin S.A., Skopintsev V.A. [Matrix evaluation of technological properties of "critical areas" at the ecological reconstruction of architectural and landscape complexes]. Inzhenernyi vestnik Dona = Engineering Journal of Don, 2015, no. 1-2, pp. 1–9. URL: (In Russ.)
  9. Erokhin G.N., Kopylov V.N., Polishchuk Yu.M., Tokareva O.S. Informatsionno-kosmicheskie tekhnologii v zadachakh ekologicheskogo analiza vozdeistvii neftedobychi na prirodnuyu sredu [Information and aerospace technologies for purposes of environmental analysis of oil production effects on the natural environment]. Novosibirsk, SPSTL SB RAS Publ., 2003, 98 p.
  10. Corlett J.A. Corporate Responsibility and Punishment. In: Responsibility and Punishment. Springer, 2006, pp. 113–129. URL:
  11. Assimakopoulos V.D., ApSimon H.M., Moussiopoulos N. A Numerical Study of Atmospheric Pollutant Dispersion in Different Two-Dimensional Street Canyon Configurations. Atmospheric Environment, 2003, vol. 37, iss. 29, pp. 4037–4049. URL:
  12. Myasnikova A.S., Vasenev V.I. [Constructing 3D model of air pollution of Moscow and recommendations at the choice of gas respirant plant variety for landscaping areas of Moscow]. Vestnik RUDN. Ser. Agronomiya i zhivotnovodstvo = RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries, 2015, no. 3, pp. 18–22. URL: (In Russ.)
  13. Crouse D.L., Goldberg M.S., Ross N.A. A Prediction-Based Approach to Modelling Temporal and Spatial Variability of Traffic-Related Air Pollution in Montreal, Canada. Atmospheric Environment, 2009, vol. 43, iss. 32, pp. 5075–5084. URL:
  14. Brauer M., Marshall J., Nethery E. Within-Urban Variability in Ambient Air Pollution: Comparison of Estimation Methods. Atmospheric Environment, 2008, vol. 42, iss. 6, pp. 1359–1369. URL:
  15. Gull N., Nawaz Dr.Y., Ali M. et al. Industrial Air Pollution and Its Effects on Human's Respiratory System (A Sociological Study of Bhoun Shugar Mill District Jhang, Pakistan). Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2013, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 535–545. URL:
  16. Ulanova T.S., Karnazhitskaya T.D., Nurislamova T.V. [Evaluating the environmental situation in the zone of a large industrial hub]. Vestnik PNIPU. Prikladnaya ekologiya. Urbanistika = Bulletin of Perm National Research Polytechnic University. Applied Ecology. Urban Development, 2012, no. 1, pp. 124–130. (In Russ.)

View all articles of issue


ISSN 2311-875X (Online)
ISSN 2073-2872 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 14, Iss. 4
April 2018