Importance People substituted one type of energy with the other throughout their entire history. Currently, the world is on the verge of a new transformation. It is a crucial moment for Russia to make technological breakthrough in power engineering. Russia should revise its power engineering paradigm and head towards the sustainable energy course. Objectives I determine prospects and probability of Russia to keep on track of sustainable development. Methods The research is based on general scientific methods of analysis and synthesis, and special methods for analyzing the operation of energy systems. Results I unfold the concept of sustainable power engineering from perspectives of modern researchers into the global energy development. I analyze factors preventing Russia from sustainable power engineering. Conclusions and Relevance I conclude it is necessary to carry out comprehensive activities for transforming the national power engineering sector in line with sustainable development principles. Technical, resource and scientific capabilities may well contribute to Russia's strategy for sustainable energy development.
Keywords: environmental security, power engineering, sustainable energy
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