National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

Analyzing the development of the municipal solid waste system in Russia: Challenges, prospects and evidence from Europe

Vol. 14, Iss. 4, APRIL 2018

Received: 15 January 2018

Received in revised form: 31 January 2018

Accepted: 26 February 2018

Available online: 14 April 2018

Subject Heading: ECOLOGY OF LIVING SYSTEMS

JEL Classification: Q53

Pages: 741–758

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.14.4.741

Latypova M.V. Omsk State Transport University, Omsk, Russian Federation
magvaslat@rambler.ru

ORCID id: not available

Importance The article discusses the solid waste system.
Objectives The research evaluates the municipal solid waste system as it is in Russia and compares it with those ones in the European countries. I outline my recommendations by analyzing the foreign experience.
Methods The research relies upon a factor and statistical analysis of the municipal solid waste system, develops the integral indicator of its development, which would allow to describe multiple-factor phenomena of different significance. The cluster analysis of Russia and developed countries was conducted using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. I also carried out a comparative analysis of clusters by factors determining their current condition and areas to be developed respectively.
Results Based on the cluster analysis and the integral indicator of the municipal solid waste system development, Russia pertains to countries with the low development level. I overview principal issues of reforming the solid waste system in line with the recent legislative amendments. I outline my recommendations to improve the tariff setting practice, implement separate waste collection, enforce the principle of the producer extended liability, develop mechanisms for the interaction of the State, business and the public.
Conclusions and Relevance The EU countries, which are economically comparable with Russia, attained the high development level of waste disposal systems through institutional measures. Hence, if relevant regulatory, organizational and financial measures are undertaken in Russia, Russia may bolster a considerable growth in the solid waste system development, which is critical for environmental security. The findings may prove useful for governmental authorities to manage municipal solid waste systems.

Keywords: municipal solid waste, cluster analysis

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