Importance Considering the long-term and strategic nature of China's One Belt, One Road (OBOR) Initiative, it is necessary to understand what its implementation means for the Russian Federation. Objectives The research evaluates the outcome of China's OBOR initiative from the Russian perspectives. Methods The outcome of the Russian–Chinese cooperation as part of the OBOR initiative was examined in terms of three aspects, i.e. growth in the transit and transportation potential of Russia, revitalization of investing activity of China in Russia, trade between Russia and China, intensification of political collaboration and humanitarian ties between Russia and China. Results The article points out methodological difficulties in evaluating the current outcome of the OBOR initiative and indicates goals China and Russia pursue in this initiative. I also enumerate possible challenges, which the initiative may represent for Russia, and summarize the outcome of the Russian–Chinese cooperation as part of the initiative. Conclusions and Relevance The outcome of the Russian–Chinese cooperation as part of the OBOR initiative are rather mediocre. Russia has not yet managed to unfold the potential the OBOR initiative brings and use opportunities the initiative allegedly gives for the development of many countries worldwide.
Keywords: Russian–Chinese cooperation, One Belt One Road, transport connectivity, Chinese investment, trade and economic cooperation
Leksyutina Ya.V. [Functional changes in China's participation in multilateral development banks: From borrower to creditor status]. Vestnik mezhdunarodnykh organizatsii: obrazovanie, nauka, novaya ekonomika= International Organisations Research Journal, 2018, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 80–98. (In Russ.) URL: http://doi.org/10.17323/1996-7845-2018-01-05
Fedorov N.V. [The free trade agreement between the EAEU and Vietnam as a factor of Russian–Vietnamese relations]. Sravnitel'naya politika = Comparative Politics Russia, 2018, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 74–90. (In Russ.) URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.24411/2221-3279-2018-00006
Vinokurov E.Yu., Korshunov D.A., Pereboev V.S., Tsukarev T.V. Evraziiskii ekonomicheskii soyuz [Eurasian Economic Union]. St. Petersburg, Eurasian Development Bank Publ., 2017, 296 p.
Sazonov S.L., Zaklyaz'minskaya E.O., Chen Xiao. [The Project of Belt and Road as a decisive factor in the development of Chinese economy]. Problemy Dal'nego Vostoka = Far Eastern Affairs, 2017, no. 3, pp. 82–94. (In Russ.)
Chubarov I.G. [Geography of conjunction: Regional policy of the PRC and spatial development of the EAEU countries]. Problemy Dal'nego Vostoka = Far Eastern Affairs, 2017, no. 5, pp. 114–125. (In Russ.)
Luzyanin S.G. ‘Odin poyas, odin put'’: rossiiskaya proektsiya i problemy sopryazheniya. V kn.: Kitai v mirovoi i regional'noi politike. Istoriya i sovremennost'. Vypusk XXII [One Belt, One Road: Russian projection and problems of conjunction. In: China in the global and regional policy. History and Today. Iss. 22]. Moscow, IFES RAS Publ., 2017, pp. 27–37.
Kak podklyuchit' Sibir' i Dal'nii Vostok k Shelkovomu puti? V kn.: Novyi Shelkovyi put' i ego znachenie dlya Rossii [How may Siberia and Far East be involved into the Silk Road initiative? In: The New Silk Road and its importance for Russia]. Moscow, DeLi plyus Publ., 2016, pp. 131–147.
Prokof'ev I.V., Larin O.N., Karataeva K.E. [One Belt One Road initiative as a new platform for Russia–China transport cooperation extension]. Problemy natsional'noi strategii = National Strategy Issues, 2017, no. 6, pp. 11–48. (In Russ.)
Larin A.G. ‘Ekonomicheskii poyas Shelkovogo puti’: ekonomicheskoe soderzhanie, struktura, ideologiya. V kn.: Novyi Shelkovyi put' i ego znachenie dlya Rossii [The Silk Road Economic Belt: Economic substance, structure, ideology. In: The New Silk Road and its importance for Russia]. Moscow, DeLi plyus Publ., 2016, pp. 38–58.