Importance The nuclear missile program of North Korea calls for a focused analysis in order to identify threats to Russia and China and determine the aspects they may cooperate on so as to curb the nuclear crisis in the Korean Peninsula through concerted actions. Objectives I analyze possibilities of North Korea's nuclear program and announcements of the North Korean officials on the situation on the Korean Peninsula, viewpoints of the Russian experts and diplomats concerning the regions and challenges the North Korean nuclear program poses to Russia and other countries. I outline areas, in which Russia and China might cooperate to rise to the challenge. Methods The research is based on horizontal and comparative analysis of expert opinions on the North Korean nuclear program, respective issues and situation in the Korean Peninsula. I also conduct a content analysis of North Korea's military policy in the region, compare the results and challenges to Russia and China. Results The research outlines the future development of North Korea's nuclear program and confrontation between the USA and North Korea in the Korean Peninsula. I substantiate that concerted efforts of Russia and China will be able to curb the threats, especially if supported by the UN and global community. Conclusions and Relevance North Korea's nuclear program and its military policy in the Korean Peninsula pose serious threats to China and Russia's interests in the regions. China and Russia should cooperate on a number of issues on the basis of the UN and bilateral format, thus reinforcing their efforts.
Keywords: Korean Peninsula, nuclear missile program
Klimenko A.F. Natsional'nye interesy Rossii v ATR, ikh sootnoshenie s interesami drugikh aktorov v regione. V kn.: Kitai v mirovoi i regional'noi politike. Istoriya i sovremennost'. Vyp. XVIII [National interests of Russia in Asia Pacific, their correlation with interests of other actors in the region. In: China in global and regional politics. History and contemporary time. Iss. 18]. Moscow, IFES RAS Publ., 2013, pp. 28–57.
Batyuk V.A., Morozov Yu.V. et al. Lokal'naya voina v voenno-politicheskoi strategii SShA v nachale XXI veka: monografiya [Local war: The U.S. political and military strategy in the 21th century: a monograph]. Moscow, Institute for U.S. and Canadian Studies RAS Publ., 2017, 328 p.
Luzyanin S.G. et al. RF i KNR v ShOS: kollektivnaya monografiya [The Russian Federation and People's Republic of China as part of the SCO: a collective monograph]. Moscow, IFES RAS Publ., 2015, 83 p.
Gordienko D.V. [Changing the level of U.S. economic security in the economic cooperation of the member States of the Trans-Pacific Partnership]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' = National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2017, vol. 13, iss. 6, pp. 1176–1188. URL: https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.13.6.1176 (In Russ.)
Klimenko A.F. Perspektivy razvitiya voenno-politicheskoi obstanovki v Tsentral'noi Azii. Vzaimodeistvie ODKB i ShOS po obespecheniyu regional’noi bezopasnosti. V kn.:Perspektivy razvitiya ShOS s tochki zreniya natsional'nykh interesov Rossii [Prospects for the military and political situation in Central Asia. Interaction of CSTO and SCO for regional security. In: Prospects for the SCO development in terms of Russia's national interests]. Moscow, IFES RAS Publ., 2016, pp. 271–280.
Zhebin A.Z. [North Korea: Bombs, missiles, sanctions]. Aziya i Afrika segodnya = Asia and Africa Today, 2017, no. 1, pp. 2–9. (In Russ.)
Zhebin A.Z. Yadernaya problema i puti ee resheniya na Koreiskom poluostrove [The nuclear issue and solutions in the Korean peninsula]. Moscow, FORUM Publ., 2016, pp. 264–284.
Morozov Yu.V. Strategiya Zapada v Tsentral'no-Aziatskom regione v nachale XXI veka: monografiya [The Western strategy in central Asia at the beginning of the 21st century:' a monograph]. Moscow, IFES RAS Publ., 2016, 376 p.