Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice
 

Evaluating the macroeconomic efficiency of infrastructure support to the national innovation system of Russia

Vol. 17, Iss. 3, MARCH 2018

Received: 28 November 2017

Received in revised form: 12 December 2017

Accepted: 27 December 2017

Available online: 27 March 2018

Subject Heading: Innovation

JEL Classification: О30, О31

Pages: 455–472

https://doi.org/10.24891/ea.17.3.455

Gavrilova N.M. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russian Federation
Gavrilova-n@mail.ru

ORCID id: not available

Subject The article addresses infrastructure support to the Russian innovation system that creates an appropriate innovative environment and contributes to efficient functioning of all subsystems of the national innovation system.
Objectives I focus on designing a comprehensive methodology to assess the performance of infrastructure support for innovative development.
Methods The paper considers the existing methodological approaches and combines the integrated approach to innovation infrastructure assessment with scientific substantiation of the system of chosen indicators, calculation of complex and integrated indices of infrastructure efficiency.
Results I designed a structural model of infrastructure support to the national innovation system and offered a methodological approach to its performance evaluation, which was tested on the database for 1995–2015. On this basis, I showed how certain factors influence the results of innovation and identified those having the biggest impact on innovation activity and providing a multiplier effect of State investment in innovative development.
Conclusions It is necessary to shift focus to commercialization of innovative products and high-tech services as a source of competitive advantages of the Russian economy. The findings may be useful for State and municipal authorities to work out plans and programs for innovative development, for higher schools to train students majoring in economics, and for research on innovative development.

Keywords: national innovation system, innovation support, innovative infrastructure, factor analysis, regression model

References:

  1. Mindeli L.E. [On draft Innovative Development Strategy of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020]. Innovatsii = Innovations, 2011, no. 2, pp. 2–8. (In Russ.)
  2. Sergeev L.I., Pisarenko M.Yu. [Research of an innovative infrastructure's concept]. Vestnik Kaliningradskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii, 2011, no. 4, pp. 89–92. (In Russ.)
  3. Kamenskii A.N. [Establishment of innovation infrastructure as a factor in the development of socio-economic systems]. Transportnoe delo Rossii = Transport Business in Russia, 2010, no. 12, pp. 203–208. (In Russ.)
  4. Tribushnaya V.Kh. Innovatsionnaya infrastruktura kak neobkhodimost' podderzhki naukoemkogo predprinimatel'stva: tekhnoparki i strategicheskoe upravlenie: monografiya [Innovation infrastructure as a necessity to support science-intensive entrepreneurship: Technology parks and strategic management: a monograph]. Izhevsk, ISTI Publ., 2011, 105 p.
  5. Evseev O.S., Konovalova M.E. [Development of innovative infrastructure in the context of modernization of the national economy]. Fundamental'nye issledovaniya = Fundamental Research, 2012, no. 9-1, pp. 220–224. (In Russ.)
  6. Stepanenko D.M. [A methodology to assess the system of institutions for innovative development of society]. Problemy sovremennoi ekonomiki = Problems of Modern Economics, 2011, no. 2, pp. 21–24. (In Russ.)
  7. Mel'nikov R.M. [Foreign approaches to assessing the efficiency of investment in innovation infrastructure and their possible application in Russia]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2015, no. 41, pp. 23–34. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/zarubezhnye-podhody-k-otsenke-effektivnosti-investitsiy-v-innovatsionnuyu-infrastrukturu-i-vozmozhnosti-ih-ispolzovaniya-v-rossiyskih (In Russ.)
  8. Mel'nikov R.M. Otsenka effektivnosti obshchestvenno znachimykh investitsionnykh proektov metodom analiza izderzhek i vygod [Evaluating the performance of socially significant investment projects under the method of cost-benefit analysis]. Moscow, Prospekt Publ., 2016, 240 p.
  9. Mel'nikov R.M. [Foreign approaches to evaluating the return on public investment in research and development programs and their applicability under Russian conditions]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2016, no. 5, pp. 112–123. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/zarubezhnye-podhody-k-otsenke-effektivnosti-gosudarstvennyh-investitsiy-v-realizatsiyu-nauchno-innovatsionnyh-programm-i-vozmozhnosti (In Russ.)
  10. Monastyrnyi E.A., Pushkarenko A.B., Chistyakova N.O. [Methodological approaches to the valuation system formation of the innovation process efficiency in the organizational and economic systems]. Innovatsii = Innovations, 2009, no. 6, pp. 75–81. (In Russ.)
  11. Rastvortseva S.N., Fauzer V.V., Karakchiev A.A., Zalevskii V.A. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie osnovy innovatsionnogo razvitiya regiona [Socio-economic framework for innovative development of the region]. Moscow, Ekon-Inform Publ., 2011, 126 p.
  12. Rakhova M.V. [Principles of building the innovation infrastructure of the region]. Ekonomika obrazovaniya = Economics of Education, 2009, no. 3, pp. 283–292. (In Russ.)
  13. Grechenyuk O.N. [Estimation of Efficiency of Innovation Process in Regional Economy Systems]. Kreativnaya ekonomika = Journal of Creative Economy, 2011, no. 11, pp. 10–16. (In Russ.)
  14. Matveev V.A., Ovcharov A.O. [Improving the methods of statistical evaluation of innovation activity results]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2016, no. 9, pp. 16–26. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sovershenstvovanie-metodiki-statisticheskoy-otsenki-rezultatov-innovatsionnoy-deyatelnosti (In Russ.)

View all articles of issue

 

ISSN 2311-8725 (Online)
ISSN 2073-039X (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 17, Iss. 3
March 2018

Archive