Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice

Determination of regional aspects of population aging in Russia

Vol. 16, Iss. 12, DECEMBER 2017

Received: 10 November 2017

Received in revised form: 17 November 2017

Accepted: 29 November 2017

Available online: 22 December 2017


JEL Classification: J11, J24

Pages: 2206–2223

Chereshnev V.A. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation

Chistova E.V. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation

Subject The paper deals with the determination of specific features of population aging in Russia at the regional level.
Objectives The aim is to adapt and combine the existing approaches to demographic aging process description at the regional level.
Methods The paper presents an overview of approaches to determining the level of demographic aging. It shows that the old-age dependency ratio is the most common and obvious measure, but it is not sufficient to identify the specific aspects of the phenomenon. We offer methods to assess the scale of population aging in the region. The stages of aging are defined on the basis of the threshold metrics system, which includes such valuation parameters as the level of aging, its depth, factors and speed.
Results The findings show that problem of population aging is irrelevant for some subjects of the Russian Federation. Under the presented approach, only 60 percent of the subjects of the Russian Federation have old and very old population.
Conclusions and Relevance Trends in population aging are observed throughout Russia. Some subjects face a very acute problem of health protection of the population, rather than aging.

Keywords: population aging, elderly population, health protection


  1. Sinyavskaya O.V., Omel'chuk T.G. [The implications of population ageing for the pension system in the medium term: Experience of forecasting for Russia]. SPERO, 2014, no. 19, pp. 7–30. (In Russ.)
  2. Vishnevskii A. [Demographic challenges of the new century]. Demoskop Weekly, 2003, no. 139-140. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  3. Sukneva S.A., Elshina I.A. [The labor activity of the third age population in the Northern region]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2015, no. 34, pp. 12–23. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  4. Kornysheva A.E. [Outer and inner determinants to shape older people's pro-active attitude towards life]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Ser. 12: Sotsiologiya = Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University. Series 12: Sociology, 2011, no. 4, pp. 413–419. (In Russ.)
  5. Grigor'eva I.A. [Paradigm shift in understanding aging]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 2016, no. 11, pp. 154–155. (In Russ.)
  6. Dlugosz Z. The Level and Dynamics of Population Ageing Process on the Example of Demographic Situation in Europe. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-Economic Series, 2003, no. 2, pp. 5–15.
  7. Sanderson W., Scherbov S. Average Remaining Lifetimes Can Increase as Human Populations Age. Nature, 2005, vol. 435, pp. 811–813.
  8. Ignatova T.V. [Conflict of generations as a social problem]. Obrazovanie i obshchestvo = Education and Society, 2005, no. 3, pp. 100–106. (In Russ.)
  9. Mitrofanova E. [The use of applied aspects of the Theory of Generations in the formation of social, corporate, and public policy]. Demoskop Weekly, 2009, no. 381-382. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  10. Howe N., Strauss W. Generations: The History of America's Future, 1584 to 2069. NY, William Morrow & Company, 1991, 538 p.
  11. Shcherbakova E. [Further population ageing is inevitable]. Demoskop Weekly, 2007, no. 291-292. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  12. Mkrtchyan N.V. Problemy ucheta naseleniya otdel'nykh vozrastnykh grupp v khode perepisi naseleniya 2010 g.: prichiny otklonenii poluchennykh dannykh ot ozhidaemykh. V kn.: Demograficheskie aspekty sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya [Problems of registration of population of individual age groups during the 2010 population census: Causes of deviation of obtained data from expected. In: Demographic aspects of socio-economic development]. Moscow, MAKS Press Publ., 2012, pp. 197–214.
  13. Mkrtchyan N.V. [Migration in Russia: A Western drift]. Demoskop Weekly, 2005, no. 185-186. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  14. Alma M.L. Au, Stephen C.Y. Chan et al. Age-Friendliness and Life Satisfaction of Young-Old and Old-Old in Hong Kong. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research, 2017, Article ID 6215917. URL: Link
  15. Gridasov G.N., Denisenko M.B., Sirotko M.L. et al. Mediko-sotsial'nye posledstviya demograficheskogo stareniya (na primere Samarskoi oblasti) [Medical and social implications of demographic aging: Evidence from the Samara oblast]. Samara, Volga-Biznes Publ., 2011, 216 p.
  16. Neugarten B.L., Moore J.W., Lowe J.C. Age Norms, Age Constraints, and Adult Socialization. American Journal of Sociology, 1965, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 710–717. URL: Link
  17. Safarova G. [Demographic aspects of population aging in Russia]. Otechestvennye zapiski, 2005, no. 3, pp. 110–123. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  18. Rogozin D.M. [Liberalization of ageing, or labor, knowledge and health in older age]. Sotsiologicheskii zhurnal = Sociological Journal, 2012, no. 4, pp. 62–93. (In Russ.)
  19. Notestein F.W. Some Demographic Aspects of Ageing. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 1954, no. 98, pp. 38–45.
  20. Bogdanova A.E. [Labor relations with the participation of retirees: Matter of care or manipulation?]. Zhurnal issledovanii sotsial'noi politiki = The Journal of Social Policy Studies, 2016, vol. 14, iss. 4. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  21. Bashkireva A.S., Vylegzhanin S.V., Kachan E.Yu. [Actual problems of social gerontology at the present stage of development of Russia]. Uspekhi gerontologii = Advances in Gerontology, 2016, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 379–386. (In Russ.)
  22. Kolev A., Pascal A. What Keeps Pensioners at Work in Russia? Evidence from Household Panel Data. Economics of Transition, 2002, vol. 10, iss. 1, pp. 29–53. URL: Link
  23. Grigor'eva I.A., Bikkulov A.S., Tsinchenko G.M. [Aging, Inter-generational Interaction and Employment of Older People]. Upravlencheskoe konsul'tirovanie = Administrative Consulting, 2014, no. 12, pp. 101–110. (In Russ.)
  24. Semeko G.V. [Labor potential of Russia and risks of population aging]. Rossiya: tendentsii i perspektivy razvitiya = Russia: Trends and Development Prospects, 2014, part 2, iss. 9, pp. 229–231. (In Russ.)
  25. Silverstein M. Meeting the Challenges of an Aging Workforce. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2008, vol. 51, iss. 4, pp. 269–280. URL: Link
  26. Bashkireva A.S., Shestakova V.P., Kachan E.Yu., Vladimirova O.N. [Innovative technologies “age-friendly workplaces” in the system of occupational rehabilitation of disabled people]. Meditsina truda i promyshlennaya ekologiya = Occupational Medicine and Industrial Ecology, 2015, no. 9, pp. 32–33. (In Russ.)

View all articles of issue


ISSN 2311-8725 (Online)
ISSN 2073-039X (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 17, Iss. 11
November 2018