Zolotov A.V.National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation email@example.com ORCID id: not available
Zaikova I.A.National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ZAI91@yandex.ru ORCID id: not available
Importance In the modern economy, there are changes in the duration of working time of the employed in both the production and non-production sphere. However, an indicative trend of recent decades is a redistribution of workers from the production to non-production sphere. This fact speaks for the effect of macroeconomic determinants of working hours. Objectives The study aims to specify macroeconomic determinants of working hours of the employed. Methods We performed a comparative analysis of the leading countries of the world, calculated the GDP level per one employee, dynamics of employment and working time fund from 1991 to 2015, as well as the dynamics of time worked per one employed. The paper presents scenarios of changes in working hours depending on the interaction of macroeconomic determinants. Results On the basis of statistical data, we show changes in macroeconomic determinants from 1991 to 2015 and reveal trends contributing to changes in working time per one employed. Conclusions We conclude that macroeconomic determinants affect the change in working time per one employee. This enables to explain the existing dynamics of working hours and provides tools to predict these changes.
Keywords: macroeconomic determinant, employment, labor productivity, working time