Importance The article analyzes the trends in major demographic processes in the Republic of Uzbekistan, like birth rate, mortality, sex and age structure of the population, and migration. It reviews changes in demographic factors affecting the labor potential for the period from 1991 to 2016. Objectives The study aims to consider trends in demographic processes, and analyze changes in the country's labor potential based on the demographic processes. Methods The study draws on methods of statistical analysis, calculation of demographic coefficients, grouping, and comparative analysis. Results The analysis shows that because of compulsory secondary education the labor potential in Uzbekistan is increasing: the proportion of males in the population structure is growing, labor supply and life expectancy are increasing, negative balance of migration is reducing. Conclusions The findings demonstrate that household incomes are growing, the sex-age structure of the population is changing, the population is gradually aging, gender inequality in rural and urban areas can negatively affect the social life of the population.
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