Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice

Managing the innovation at pre-competitive stages: Experience in implementation of multilateral technological initiatives in the sphere of alternative transport

Vol. 17, Iss. 5, MAY 2018

Received: 12 March 2018

Received in revised form: 22 March 2018

Accepted: 2 April 2018

Available online: 29 May 2018

Subject Heading: Innovation

JEL Classification: O18, O33, Q42

Pages: 820-835

Ratner S.V. V.A. Trapeznikov Institute of Control Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Subject The article addresses the need to devise new approaches to managing the process of innovation creation due to cardinal changes in the mechanisms of knowledge generation in modern conditions. Such a need arises in those areas of technological development that are lagging behind, in particular, alternative modes of transport.
Objectives The aim is to analyze the experience in implementing the concept of expert network creation in the sphere of innovative motor transport technologies, i.e. electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, and hybrid cars.
Methods The research rests on a case study method. I consider the program of the International Energy Agency for hybrid and electric vehicle technology collaboration that has been implemented for more than 15 years by joint efforts of more than 10 countries.
Results The paper highlights main principles of expert network organization, which determine its efficiency, mechanisms of financing, and methods of solving certain research tasks. It shows that at pre-competitive stages of research, economic and social issues of new technologies development are as important as purely technical ones.
Conclusions Forecasting the social and economic implications of new technologies dissemination enables to adjust research projects and programs in a timely manner and define target parameters of innovative products thus accelerating significantly their market entry. The findings may be useful for improving the existing and new Russian expert networks in alternative modes of transport and transport and energy systems.

Keywords: innovation, pre-competitive stage, expert network, alternative transportation technologies, social and economic transformation


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