Subject The article considers the problem related to inadequate provision of rural areas with piped natural gas, as it hampers the economic growth and the creation of favorable living environment for rural population. Objectives The aim is to reveal the degree of influence of gas infrastructure development on efficiency and effectiveness of agricultural production, sustainability of rural areas in the Central Federal District regions. Methods The study employs the correlation and regression analysis of statistical data, the abstract-logical method, modeling, constructing the correlation field graphs, calculating the coefficients of determination, pair and multiple correlation. Results The obtained results confirmed a sharp differentiation of regions of the Central Federal District by the level of gas infrastructure development in rural areas. The paper shows that there is a strong correlation between the level of gas infrastructure development and the volume of production (agriculture, hunting and forestry), as well as the volume of output per capita. Conclusions It is crucial to allocate funds from the Federal budget, as well as Gazprom funds to the regions of the Central Federal District with the lowest level of piped natural gas supply. This approach will help accelerate the construction and commissioning of gas infrastructure facilities, equalize opportunities of regions in the economy, and create conditions for sustainable development of rural areas.
Keywords: gas infrastructure development, rural areas, production
Bogdanovskii V.A. [Labor productivity in the agrarian economy of Russia: Condition and trends] Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Povolzhskii region. Obshchestvennye nauki = University Proceedings. Volga Region. Social Sciences, 2016, no. 4, pp. 249–261. (In Russ.)
Nefedova T.G. Sel'skaya Rossiya na pereput'e: geograficheskie ocherki [Rural Russia at a crossroads: Geographical essays]. Moscow, Novoe izdatel'stvo Publ., 2003, 408 p.
Nefedova T.G., Pokrovskii N.G., Treivish A.I. [Urbanization, desurbanization and rural-urban communities in the face of growing horizontal mobility]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 2015, no. 12, pp. 60–69. (In Russ.)
Bondarenko L.V. [Overcoming the differences between the city and the village: History and modern times]. APK: ekonomika, upravlenie = AIC: Economics, Management, 2015, no. 10, pp. 92–102. (In Russ.)
Kirpichev V.V. Demoekonomicheskie faktory vosproizvodstva trudovykh resursov rossiiskogo sela. Vzglyad na problemu: monografiya [Demographic and economic factors of labor resource reproduction in Russian villages. Focus on the problem: a monograph]. Germany, Saarbrücken, Lambert Academic Publishing, 2013, 312 p.
Meadows D. et al. Predely rosta [Growth Limits]. Moscow, MSU Publ., 1991, 208 p.
Pestel E.P. Za predelami rosta [Outside Growth]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1988, 272 p.
Meadows D. et al. Predely rosta: 30 let spustya [Limits to Growth: The 30-Year Update]. Moscow, BINOM. Laboratoriya znanii Publ., 2012, 358 p.
Moiseev N.N. Universum. Informatsiya. Obshchestvo [Universe. Information. Society]. Moscow, Ustoichivyi mir Publ., 2001, 200 p.
Bobyleva T.A., Khripunova A.S. [Research of problematic issues of gasification of Russia and ways of their decision]. Vestnik universiteta = University Bulletin, 2016, no. 7-8, pp. 12–18. (In Russ.)
Medvedeva O.N. [Technical and economic analysis of options for gas supply to consumers]. Fundamental'nye issledovaniya = Fundamental Research, 2011, no. 4, pp. 121–126. (In Russ.)
Parakhin N.V., Rodimtsev S.A. et al. Diagnostika urovnya ustoichivogo razvitiya sel'skikh territorii na osnove ikh monitoringa: monografiya [Diagnostics of the level of sustainable development of rural territories on the basis of their monitoring: a monograph]. Orel, OrelSAU Publ., 2016, 498 p.
Papelo V.N., Kovtun B.A., Akberov K.Ch., Ternovoi A.I. [Strategizing of the sustainable development of rural territories: Problems and improvement directions]. Fundamental'nye issledovaniya = Fundamental Research, 2013, no. 11-5, pp. 1017–1024. (In Russ.)
Gal'yanov I.V., Studennikova N.S. [Assessment of demographic developments in rural areas of subjects of the Central Federal District of the Russian Federation]. Vestnik sel'skogo razvitiya i sotsial'noi politiki = Bulletin of Rural Development and Social Policy, 2017, no 1, pp. 14–16. (In Russ.)
Kirpichev V.V. [Demographic determinants of economic development of Russia]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2010, no. 17, pp. 7–10. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Aganbegyan A.G. [Sustainable growth in agriculture and financial resources to support]. Den'gi i kredit = Money and Credit, 2017, no. 7, pp. 3–9. (In Russ.)
Altukhov A.I. [Food security of Russia under foreign sanctions]. APK: ekonomika, upravlenie = AIC: Economics, Management, 2014, no. 2, pp. 19–29. (In Russ.)
Klimova N.V. [Ensuring food security of Russia as a strategic objective of the State]. Ekonomika: vchera, segodnya, zavtra = Economics: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow, 2016, no, 2, pp. 74–89. (In Russ.)
Förster E., Rönz B. Metody korrelyatsionnogo i regressionnogo analiza. Rukovodstvo dlya ekonomistov [Regressions und Korrelationsanalyse: Grundlagen Methoden Beispiele]. Moscow, Finansy i statistika Publ., 1983, 304 p.