Importance The article considers the demographic threats to Russia, opportunities to improve the efficiency of healthcare for retaining the human capital and strengthening the socio-demographic security of the region. Objectives I analyze health indicators, the resource potential and function of the healthcare system, identify priorities in the sector development and opportunities to improve its efficiency at the macro and meso levels. Methods The study employs methods of statistical analysis, micro-, meso- and macro analysis, multilevel and integrative approaches. Results I review the resources of the Russian healthcare, trends in health indicators of the Russian Federation, the Ural Federal District, and the Sverdlovsk oblast. The analysis has revealed negative trends in the industry for recent years. The paper considers possibilities to increase the contribution of healthcare to human and labor potential retention at the macro and meso levels in conditions of reduced hospital stock, health facilities, and a decrease in financing. Conclusions It is possible to increase the healthcare efficiency through improving the resource supply in the sector on the part of the government, and introducing innovations at all levels of management, including medical, organizational, information, and economic innovations. The paper, on the case of the healthcare of the Sverdlovsk oblast, proves that innovation contributes to improving the medical and demographic indicators, reducing losses at the level of the society, and strengthening the socio-demographic security of the entire region.
Chichkanov V.P., Belyaevskaya-Plotnik L.A. [Analysis of the Approaches to the Assessment of Regional Processes of Formation of Social and Economic Security]. Ekonomika regiona = Economy of Region, 2016, no. 3, pp. 655–656. (In Russ.)
Ivanov V.V., Malinetskii G.G. Rossiya: XXI vek. Strategiya proryva: tekhnologii, obrazovanie, nauka [Russia: The 21st century. A breakthrough strategy: Technology, Education, Science]. Moscow, LENAND Publ., 2016, 304 p.
Mityakov S.N., Mityakova O.I., Mityakov E.S., Egorova N.A. [Innovative development of Russian regions: Social innovation]. Innovatsii = Innovations, 2018, no. 4, pp. 56–62. (In Russ.)
Alekseev A.V. [In search of lost balance between the State regulation and market uncertainty]. EKO = ECO, 2018, no. 3, pp. 101–119. (In Russ.)
Buzgalin A., Kolganov A. [Social, material and financial resources of Russia's advanced development]. Problemy teorii i praktiki upravleniya = Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Management, 2017, no. 9, pp. 13–24. (In Russ.)
Pecherkina M.S., Nikulina N.L. [Threats to Economic Security in Constituent Entities of the Ural Federal District]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2017, vol. 16, iss. 9, pp. 1616–1634. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Sigov V.I., Verzilin D.N., Verzilin S.D. [Results-based social security management: Conceptual approach to the assessment of the efficiency]. Zhurnal pravovykh i ekonomicheskikh issledovanii = Journal of Legal and Economic Studies, 2015, no. 4, pp. 162–168. (In Russ.)
Sotsial'no-demograficheskaya bezopasnost' Rossii [Socio-demographic security of Russia]. Yekaterinburg, IE UB RAS Publ., 2008, 864 p.
Rybakovskii O.L., Tayunova O.A. [Fertility in Russia and demographic waves]. Narodonaselenie = Population, 2017, no. 4, pp. 56–66. (In Russ.)
Katkova I.P., Katkov V.I. [Health care as the most important resource for social and economic development of the country]. Narodonaselenie = Population, 2014, no. 4, pp. 104–114. (In Russ.)
Lokosov V.V., Rybal'chenko S.I., Katkova I.P. [Demographic and labor potential of Russia in the context of sustainable development goals]. Narodonaselenie = Population, 2017, no. 4, pp. 19–43. (In Russ.)
Korotaev A.V., Rybal'chenko S.I., Zin'kina Yu.V. et al. Nadvigayushchayasya demograficheskaya katastrofa v Rossii i kak ee predupredit' (prognozy demograficheskogo budushchego Rossii v usloviyakh ekonomicheskogo krizisa) [The impending demographic catastrophe in Russia and how to prevent it (forecasts of the demographic future of Russia under economic crisis)]. Moscow, Lomonosov Moscow State University Publ., 2015, 50 p.
Kossova T.V., Kossova E.V., Sheluntsova M.A. [Analyzing determinants of difference in life expectancy of men and women in regions of Russia]. EKO = ECO, 2018, no. 4, pp. 116–132. (In Russ.)
Aganbegyan A.G. [On the way to the civilized market]. Vestnik Instituta ekonomiki Rossiiskoi akademii nauk = Bulletin of the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2018, no. 1, pp. 7–26. (In Russ.)
Karavaeva I.V., Bukhval'd E.M., Pavlov V.I. et al. [The Federal budget of Russia for the years 2018–2020: Is it a new step towards victory over the deficit and inflation?]. Vestnik Instituta ekonomiki Rossiiskoi akademii nauk = Bulletin of the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2018, no. 1, pp. 40–61. (In Russ.)
Ulumbekova G.E. Zdravookhranenie Rossii. Chto nado delat' [Health care in Russia. What to do]. Moscow, GEOTAR-Media Publ., 2016, 144 p.
Uiba V.V., Chernyshev V.M., Pushkarev O.V. et al. Ekonomicheskie metody upravleniya v zdravookhranenii [Economic management practices in healthcare]. Novosibirsk, Al'fa-Resurs Publ., 2012, 314 p.
Nelson R.R., Winter S.G. Evolyutsionnaya teoriya ekonomicheskikh izmenenii [An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change]. Moscow, Delo Publ., 2002, 536 p.
Ziganshina Z.R., Mishakin T.S. [Public goods of innovative type]. Voprosy ekonomiki i prava = Problems of Economics and Law, 2016, no. 98, pp. 73–76. (In Russ.)
Mityakova O.I. Problemy ustoichivogo razvitiya ekonomiki Rossii na osnove innovatsionnykh preobrazovanii [Problems of sustainable development of the Russian economy on the basis of innovative transformations]. Nizhny Novgorod, NNSTU Publ., 2009, 244 p.