Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice

Abstracting and Indexing

Referativny Zhurnal VINITI RAS
Google Scholar

Online available



Cyberleninka (12 month OA embargo)

Indicators for evaluating the living standards in Russian regions

Vol. 17, Iss. 11, NOVEMBER 2018

Received: 29 August 2018

Received in revised form: 13 September 2018

Accepted: 27 September 2018

Available online: 29 November 2018


JEL Classification: I31, J00, О15, Р36

Pages: 2066–2090

Merkulova E.Yu. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation

Spiridonov S.P. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation

Men'shchikova V.I. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation

Subject Improving the quality of life necessitates a system of indicators for its evaluation, which requires identifying the reasons for differentiation of constituent entities by living standards and developing the tools to neutralize threats in the socio-economic sphere.
Objectives The aim is to investigate imbalances in the quality of life in different regions to define strategic directions of territory development.
Methods Using the methods of applied statistics and cluster analysis, we investigate various aspects of satisfaction of needs and assessment of living standards in regions. Tabular and graphical methods enable to visualize statistical data. The method of principal components is used to group the data by designated blocks of indicators. We employ Excel and IBM SPSS Statistics application software products to perform calculations, process and evaluate the information we use.
Results On the basis of the Rosstat data, we assess the quality of life of the population in Russian regions, using the indicators for satisfaction of needs at different levels. The paper presents a portrait of clusters for each block of indicators and a dendrogram showing the distribution of regions by the quality of life.
Conclusions The characteristic features of clusters by the quality of life enable grouping the regions by deviation from average indicators across Russia. The findings may help take management decisions aimed at reducing the asymmetry in the living standards of the population and improving the socio-demographic situation in Russian regions.

Keywords: quality of life, living standards, regional cluster


  1. Bazhenov S.A., Malikov N.S. [Quality of life: Theory and practice]. Uroven' zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii = Level of Life of the Population of Regions of Russia, 2002, no. 10. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  2. Alderfer C.P. An Empirical Test of a New Theory of Human Needs. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 1969, vol. 4, iss. 2, pp. 142–175. URL: Link90004-X
  3. McClelland D.C. Motivatsiya cheloveka [Human Motivation]. St. Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2007, 672 p.
  4. Herzberg F., Miner M. [The Motivation to Work and Production Motivation]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 1990, no. 1, pp. 128–129. (In Russ.)
  5. Rimashevskaya N.M., Lakhman I.L., Levin A.I. et al. Potrebnosti, dokhody, potreblenie [Requirements, incomes, consumption]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1979, 240 p.
  6. Tarasenko V.I. Sotsial'nye potrebnosti lichnosti: formirovanie, udovletvorenie, razvitie [Social needs of the individual: Formation, satisfaction, development]. Kiev, Naukova dumka Publ., 1982, 168 p.
  7. Kravchenko A.I. V.G. Podmarkov i osnovy promyshlennoi sotsiologii. V kn.: Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie i pravovye osnovy razvitiya ekonomiki [V.G. Podmarkov and the foundations of industrial sociology. In: Socio-economic and legal bases of economic development]. Ufa, Omega Sains Publ., 2017, pp. 176–207.
  8. Zavel'skii M.G. Khozyaistvo i dukhovnost' (kontury obobshcheniya ekonomicheskoi teorii) [The economy and spirituality (outlines of economic theory generalization)]. Moscow, CEMI RAS Publ., 1999, 32 p.
  9. Maslow A. Novye rubezhi chelovecheskoi prirody [The Farther Reaches of Human Nature]. Moscow, Smysl Publ., 1999, 425 p.
  10. Adam'yants T.Z. Sotsiomental'noe razvitie lichnosti kak strategicheskaya zadacha Rossii. V kn.: Rossiya: tendentsii i perspektivy razvitiya [Social and mental development of the individual as a strategic task of Russia. In: Russia: Trends and Development Prospects]. Moscow, Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences of RAS Publ., 2016, pp. 10–13.
  11. Mukhacheva A.V. [Quality of life as a scientific category: Theoretical approaches to determining]. Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta = Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, 2012, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 303–307. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  12. Shabashev V.A., Glushakova O.V. [Quality of life of the population: Fundamentals of methodology, theory, management]. Ekonomika i sotsial'naya politika = Economics and Social Policy, 2015, no. 5, pp. 31–37. (In Russ.)
  13. Galbraith J.K. Ekonomicheskie teorii i tseli obshchestva [Economics and the Public Purpose]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1976, 408 p.
  14. Savchenko T.N., Golovina G.M. Sub"ektivnoe kachestvo zhizni: podkhody, metody otsenki, prikladnye issledovaniya [Subjective quality of life: Approaches, methods of evaluation, applied research]. Moscow, Institute of Psychology of RAS Publ., 2006, 169 p.
  15. Merkulova E.Yu., Kotel'nikova M.A. [Assessment of economic aspects of safety of the personality]. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie yavleniya i protsessy = Socio-Economic Phenomena and Processes, 2015, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 68–74. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  16. Greshonkov A.M., Merkulova E.Yu., Stepicheva O.A. [Methodical aspects of providing economic security in the food sphere]. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie yavleniya i protsessy = Socio-Economic Phenomena and Processes, 2015, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 24–29. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  17. Aivazyan S.A. Sravnitel'nyi analiz integral'nykh kharakteristik kachestva zhizni naseleniya sub"ektov Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Comparative analysis of integral characteristics of the quality of life of the population in the subjects of the Russian Federation]. Moscow, CEMI RAS Publ., 2001, 64 p.

View all articles of issue


ISSN 2311-8725 (Online)
ISSN 2073-039X (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 18, Iss. 4
April 2019