Subject The article deals with the assessment of living standards in administrative centers of the Far Eastern Federal District. Objectives The purpose is to analyze people's quality of life on the basis of socio-economic indicators of cities, like population size, birth and death rates, external and internal migration, population income, unemployment and inflation rate, poverty rate, price index, and compare them with similar indicators of the Far Eastern Federal District and Russia in general, and to identify factors affecting the human well-being. Methods The paper employs a method of statistical analysis, elements of comparative analysis and graphical interpretation of statistical data. Results We unveil regional socio-economic aspects of administrative centers of the Far Eastern Federal District that are typical for the entire region, i.e. deterioration of demographic indicators and uneven development of territories. A serious obstacle to sustainable development of the territory is a shortage of qualified personnel. Negative migration balance offsets positive population growth. High level of unemployment indicates an increase in the structural imbalance between supply and demand in the labor market caused by the discrepancy between the professional and qualification characteristics of job seekers and open vacancies. Conclusions Material incentives are not enough to retain qualified manpower. The development of regional centers with an increase in the number of permanent residents is possible with the creation of appropriate economic and social environment.
Keywords: life quality, living standards, administrative center, regional economy, human potential
Kuznetsov S.V., Rastova Yu.I., Rastov M.A. [Rating evaluation as a measurement of the quality of life in Russian regions]. Ekonomika regiona = Economy of Region, 2017, vol. 13, iss. 1, pp. 137–146. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Ivanter V.V., Kozhemyako O.N., Kuvalin D.B. [Long-term socio-economic development of the Far East and Transbaikalia: Main problems and tasks]. Problemy prognozirovaniya = Problems of Forecasting, 2013, no. 4, pp. 3–15. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Naiden S.N., Motrich E.L., Gritsko M.A. [Regional monitoring quality of life of the population: Khabarovsk Territory and the Far East]. Uroven' zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii = Level of Life of the Population of Regions of Russia, 2014, no. 2, pp. 76–85. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Gyourko J., Kahn M., Tracy J. Chapter 37. Quality of Life and Environmental Comparisons. In: Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics. E.S. Mills and P. Cheshire (Eds). North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1999, vol. 3, pp. 1323–2060.
Linneman P., Graves P.E. Migration and Job Change: A Multinomial Logit Approach. Journal of Urban Economics, 1983, vol. 14, iss. 3, pp. 263–279. URL: Link90009-8
Manaeva I.V. [Specifics of socio-economic inequality in Russian cities]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2017, vol. 16, iss. 5, pp. 960–970. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Rindfuss R.R., Guzzo K.B., Morgan S.P. The Changing Institutional Context of Low Fertility. Population Research and Policy Review, 2003, vol. 22, iss. 5-6, pp. 411–438.
Prokapalo O.M., Isaev A.G., Mazitova M.G. [Economic Situation in the Far Eastern Federal District in 2016]. Prostranstvennaya ekonomika = Spatial Economics, 2017, no. 2, pp. 138–174 (In Russ.). URL: Link
Berger M.C., Blomquist G.C., Peter K.S. Compensating differentials in emerging labor and housing markets: Estimates of quality of life in Russian cities. Journal of Urban Economics, 2008, vol. 63, iss. 1, pp. 25–55. URL: Link
Kadomtseva S.V. [Imbalance in the labor market and youth employment]. Uroven' zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii = Level of Life of the Population of Regions of Russia, 2013, no. 6, pp. 58–63. (In Russ.)
Bochko V.S. [Regions' Economic Autonomy in the New Reality]. Ekonomika regiona = Economy of Region, 2016, vol. 12, iss. 2, pp. 342–358. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Efremov E.I. [Transport infrastructure in Yakutia: Problems and prospects]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2013, no. 5, pp. 50–56. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Oshchepkov A. Compensating Wage Differentials Across Russian Regions. In: Mussida C., Pastore F. (Eds). Geographical Labor Market Imbalances. AIEL Series in Labour Economics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015, 105 p. URL: Link
Gimpel'son V., Kapelyushnikov R., Roshchina S. Rossiiskii rynok truda: tendentsii, instituty, strukturnye izmeneniya [The Russian labor market: Trends, institutions, structural changes]. Moscow, Tsentr strategicheskikh razrabotok Publ., 2017, 148 p.
Evstigneeva L., Evstigneev R. [The Contours of a New Economic Space]. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2014, no. 11, pp. 140–155. (In Russ.)
Novoselova T.N. [Specifics of Municipal Financial Policy Formation: A Systems Approach]. Finansy i kredit = Finance and Credit, 2018, vol. 24, iss. 2, pp. 489–500. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Efimova V.S., Kryukova V.A. Rossiya: Vostochnyi vektor. Predlozheniya k strategii razvitiya Sibiri i Dal'nego Vostoka [Russia: The Eastward vector. Proposals for a strategy for Siberia and the Far East development]. Krasnoyarsk, SibFU Publ., 2014, 92 p.
Minakir P.A. [New development strategy of the Russian Far East: Assessment and prospects]. Kontury global'nykh transformatsii: politika, ekonomika, pravo = Outlines of Global Transformations: Politics, Economics, Law, 2014, vol. 7, iss. 4, pp. 6–15. (In Russ.)
Bogomolova T.Yu., Glazyrina I.P., Sidorenko N.L. [Eastern Border-Zones of Russia: Student-Age Population's Attitudes towards Migration]. Region: ekonomika i sotsiologiya = Region: Economics and Sociology, 2013, no. 4, pp. 154–173. (In Russ.)