Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice
 

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Managing the capital structure of the largest Russian coal producers

Vol. 18, Iss. 2, FEBRUARY 2019

Received: 10 December 2018

Received in revised form: 16 December 2018

Accepted: 24 December 2018

Available online: 28 February 2019

Subject Heading: FINANCIAL STABILITY AND SOLVENCY

JEL Classification: G32

Pages: 353–367

https://doi.org/10.24891/ea.18.2.353

Mukhacheva A.V. Kemerovo State University (KemSU), Kemerovo, Russian Federation
oblakkko@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3720-4969

Gadzhigasanova N.S. Yaroslavl Demidov State University, Yaroslavl, Russian Federation
naide27@mail.ru

ORCID id: not available

Kuznetsova T.A. Kemerovo State University (KemSU), Kemerovo, Russian Federation
kuznetta@yandex.ru

ORCID id: not available

Subject The article considers the capital structure of the three leaders of the Russian coal mining industry, namely AO SUEK, OAO UK Kuzbasrazrezugol, AO SDS Holding Company.
Objectives The aims are to reveal the main trends in the equity to debt ratio of the largest players of the Federal coal market on the basis of the analysis of public financial statements for three recent years, to justify the optimal structure of their capital.
Methods The study employs economic and statistical methods, grouping and integration of data, methods for calculating the weighted average cost of capital, the effect of financial leverage to identify the current structure and cost of sources of capital, the ‘profitability – financial risk’ methodology to give scientific credence to optimal capital structure of coal producers.
Results The existing capital structure of the largest coal mining companies in Russia deviates from the optimal one from the point of view of financial analytics and scientific methods. It is formed spontaneously, under the influence of external factors. This results in unrealized reserves of capital cost reduction. We revealed certain differences in approaches to formation of sources of capital of the coal industry leaders, which are determined by their general financial position and capacity to raise funds.
Conclusions The findings enable to identify growth in the area of efficiency of finance management, increase the competitiveness of the Russian coal in world markets, provide financial stability and profitability of export-oriented coal producers, protect them from foreign trade risks, etc.

Keywords: capital, capital structure, coal producer, equity capital, borrowed capital

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