Subject The article deals with the methodology development for calculating the prices of products based on the technologies used and the resources required for reproduction in a closed macroeconomic production system. Objectives The aim is to create a methodological basis enabling to calculate optimal prices for products in conditions of public socially-oriented economics. The prices rest on the needs of the population and resource dependence underpinned by technological development of the system. Methods We apply methods of linear algebra, in particular, vector elements and matrix analysis, as well as general scientific methods of research, and modeling techniques. Results We developed a mathematical model to calculate prices for products on the basis of resources consumption and in accordance with adopted technologies. Using the methodology, we built a resource and technological model and calculated product prices for the Republic of Chile. We also built a technological system, consisting of a limited number of necessary products, resources for their reproduction, and the so-called national products, which are mainly produced and historically common in the selected region. The paper presents resource and technological chains for each selected product, a resource and technological matrix that rests on the chains, and calculation of prices. Conclusions In the proposed model, prices are calculated on the basis of fixed value of remuneration, which satisfies basic needs of a human being, and resources for product reproduction required by modern technologies. The methodology is of practical importance for pricing in macro systems.
Keywords: economic model, pricing, pricing methodology, resource model, resource-technological model
Sycheva I.V. [A socially oriented economy: The content, characteristics, main models]. Izvestiya Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.Ekonomicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki = Izvestiya Tula State University. Economic and Legal Sciences, 2017, no. 2-1, pp. 222–232. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Mosyagin V.I. [Economic analysis methods in market pricing]. Izvestiya Sankt-Peterburgskoi lesotekhnicheskoi akademii, 2013, no. 202, pp. 214–219. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Kuznetsov S.A., Gaidarzhi S.I. [To the question of building of financial system of solvent economy]. Izvestiya Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.Ekonomicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki = Izvestiya Tula State University. Economic and Legal Sciences, 2017, no. 3-1, pp. 109–115. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Tikhobaev V.M., Voskresenskaya L.N. Balansovye modeli, orientirovannye na rynok [Market-oriented balance sheet models]. Tula, TulSU Publ., 2016, 159 p.
Tikhobaev V.M. [Regulation of balance proportions as an innovation in management]. Sovremennye problemy prava, ekonomiki i upravleniya, 2015, no. 1, pp. 158–161. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Leontief W. Ekonomicheskie esse. Teorii, issledovaniya, fakty i politika [Essays in Economics: Theories, Theorizing, Facts, and Policies]. Moscow, Politizdat Publ., 1990, 415 p.
Bychkova L.V., Kuz'mina V.M. [Economic development indicators, some countries of Latin America in the 2012–2015 time frame (on the example of Mexico, Chile and Ecuador)]. Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser.: Ekonomika. Sotsiologiya. Menedzhment =Proceedings of Southwest State University. Series Economy. Sociology. Management, 2017, no. 2, pp. 14–23. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Basovskaya E.N., Basovskii L.E., Grishina S.A. [Sustainability of Latin American and South American Economies]. Nauchnye issledovaniya i razrabotki. Ekonomika = Scientific Research and Development. Economics, 2018, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 17–21. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Kustov E.F. [Matrix method of the analysis of two sector economy]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2011, no. 18, pp. 58–64. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Tsys' Yu.V., Dolgopolova A.F. [Elements of linear algebra and their application in solving economic problems]. Sovremennye naukoemkie tekhnologii = Modern High Technologies, 2013, no. 6, pp. 91–93. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Lukin E.V. [About the role of input-output balance in government regulation of the economy]. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial'nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz = Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2017, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 41–58. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Kuryshev N.I. [Interrelation between structure of production and prices in the input-output model and the concept of capital]. Vestnik kibernetiki, 2014, no. 1, pp. 76–90. (In Russ.) URL: Link2014_kur_76-90.pdf
Korotkova V.P. Znachenie modeli V.V. Leont'eva “zatraty – vypusk” v teorii obshchego ravnovesiya. V kn.: Analiticheskie i finansovo-ekonomicheskie aspekty razvitiya regional'noi ekonomiki [The value of the Leontief input-output model in the general equilibrium theory. In: Analytical and financial-economic aspects of the regional economy]. Stavropol, Sekvoiya Publ., 2016, pp. 299–302.