Importance The article analyzes the social policy in welfare States and Russia, which have adopted the concept of independent life and inclusion of disabled people. Objectives I demonstrate the outcome of policies for expanding disabled people's opportunities and removing respective barriers in the Third Way countries that revise social support programs and tasks of public administration. Methods The article analyzes the 2001–2016 statistical data and research results in the OECD and EU member States, statistical data of the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation (2010–2017) and the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation (2004–2015), as well as materials of the Federal Program, Accessible Environment 2011–2020. Results Iset up priorities of social reforms, analyze regulation instruments in the systems of social welfare and education for disabled people, including the classification of differences to sharpen criteria and raise personal independence as much as possible. I determine factors of inclusion transformation in the OECD and EU member countries. Priorities of the Russian social welfare policy are analyzed. I examine management tools based on ready-made solutions. Conclusions and Relevance It is necessary to suppress market reforms in administration and elevate the responsibility of the State for welfare of disabled people. Development priorities shall guide the transition to independent life and inclusion in line with the national interests and socio-economic contexts.
Keywords: disability, welfare policy, disabled people, inclusive education, disabled children
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