Importance Assaults on first aid personnel become more and more frequent. Hence it is of paramount importance to ensure the safety of people working in medical service, who are exposed to senseless aggression. Objectives In this research, I explore how first aid squads are protected in Russia, analyze what causes such threats. I also review foreign practices and make preliminary suggestions for ensuring the safety of ambulance personnel. Methods The research compares and analyzes the safety of first aid squads in Russia and abroad. Results I found out that medical staff have no possibility to make an immediate alert in case of potential assault and danger. I trace certain similarities and differences in activities of the police in Russia and abroad for ensuring the safety of medical personnel. It is not enough to strengthen the criminal liability. I provide the rationale for more close cooperation of ambulance control centers and police control service and propose a concept for transferring information on ambulance calls to the police control centers so that the police could plan their patrolling courses. Conclusions and Relevance The article indicates what causes critical consequences of assaults on first aid squads. Illustrating the medical staff safety program in the EU, I provide similar solutions to this issue in Russia. The article provides the rationale for adjusting the interaction of health care institutions and police authorities. I present an innovative method for the police to immediately react to any potential threats ambulance squads are exposed to.
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