National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

Comparative analysis of the public health in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus

Vol. 14, Iss. 10, OCTOBER 2018

Received: 27 June 2018

Received in revised form: 20 July 2018

Accepted: 15 August 2018

Available online: 15 October 2018

Subject Heading: SOCIAL SERVICES AND EDUCATION

JEL Classification: I15, I18, J13

Pages: 1961–1974

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.14.10.1961

Panchenko A.S. Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (IE KarRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation
PanchenkoAnS@yandex.ru

ORCID id: not available

Importance The research focuses on the public health in the Russian Federations and the Republic of Belarus.
Objectives I analyze the state of public health in Russia and Belarus using the Global Burden of Disease (GBB) project methodology and search for possible ways to improve the quality of public health.
Methods The methodological framework rests upon the ideology of the GBB project, which is based on the indicator of Disability Adjusted Life Years – DALY.
Results The research identifies what mainly causes instances of health loss in Russia and Belarus for the entire population and for certain age groups. Special attention was paid to the health status analysis of children under 5 years. I determined a possible course of work in this age group that can have a positive impact on the quality of health and reduce mortality in Russia on the basis of the Belarus experience.
Conclusions and Relevance Activities in the Republic of Belarus in age groups where the burden of disease has been lower can serve as practical recommendations for improving the public health in Russia. The ideology of the GBB project has proved its effectiveness and can be used as a tool for quantitative and comparative assessment of the public health.

Keywords: risk factor, infant mortality, regionalization, health care

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