National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

A comparative analysis of demographic trends in the BRICS nations

Vol. 14, Iss. 11, NOVEMBER 2018

Received: 30 July 2018

Received in revised form: 20 August 2018

Accepted: 14 September 2018

Available online: 16 November 2018

Subject Heading: Priorities of Russia

JEL Classification: I15, I18, J13

Pages: 1978–1995

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.14.11.1978

Molchanova E.V. Institute of Economics of Karelian Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences (IE KarRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation
molch@yandex.ru

ORCID id: not available

Subject Health is the most crucial component of human potential, being fundamental for economic and social wellbeing. Public health influences demographic indicators and determines their development trends. The research focuses on the public health in the BRICS nations.
Objectives I conduct a comparative study into the public health in the BRICS countries using the Global Burden of Disease Study. I find the most promising joint programs of the BRICS nations for medical and demographic policy.
Methods The research is based on the philosophy of the Global Burden of Disease Study and Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY). DALY for various diseases or health problems includes years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLL) and years lost to disability (net of mortality).
Results I identify causes of morbidity and mortality and risk factors triggering health problems in the BRICS countries. The article also highlights possible aspects for the BRICS nations to cooperate upon so as to strengthen the public health. Special focus is put on the development of national health care systems and joint activities for preventing contagious and non-contagious diseases, modern health assessment and treatment methods.
Conclusions and Relevance The Global Burden of Disease Study technique proved to be effective and practicable as a tool for comparative assessment of the public health. The findings may be used to forecast the social and demographic situation and make managerial decisions and program documents in order to overcome the demographic crisis and create new approaches to public health protection and strengthening.

Keywords: health, mortality, morbidity, risk factor

References:

  1. Molchanova E.V., Burkin M.M. Sovremennaya demograficheskaya situatsiya i zdorov'e naseleniya Rossii [The current demographic situation and the Russian people's health]. Petrozavodsk, KarRC of RAS Publ., 2017, 170 p.
  2. Murray C.J.L., Lopez A.D. The Global Burden of Disease: A Comprehensive Assessment of Mortality and Disability from Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors in 1990 and Projected to 2020. World Health Organization, 1996. URL: Link
  3. GBD 2016 DALYs and HALE Collaborators. Global, Regional, and National Disability-Adjusted Life-Years (DALYs) for 333 Diseases and Injuries and Healthy Life Expectancy (HALE) for 195 Countries and Territories, 1990–2016: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet, 2017, vol. 390, iss. 10100, pp. 1260–1344.
  4. GBD 2016 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators. Global, Regional, and National Incidence, Prevalence, and Years Lived with Disability for 328 Diseases and Injuries for 195 Countries, 1990–2016: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet, 2017, vol. 390, iss. 10100, pp. 1211–1259.
  5. GBD 2016 Causes of Death Collaborators. Global, Regional, and National Age-Sex Specific Mortality for 264 Causes of Death, 1980–2016: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet, 2017, vol. 390, iss. 10100, pp. 1151–1210.
  6. Ermakov S.P. Prognoz poter' let zdorovoi zhizni naseleniya RF (metodologiya i osnovnye rezul'taty prognoza) [Forecasting the loss of healthy life years of the Russian population: Methodology and main results of the forecast]. Moscow, Palmarium Academic Publishing Publ., 2013, 388 p.
  7. Novgorodova A.V. [Health of the nation is the main strategic resource of the Russian economy. DALY indicator for assessing the health of Russian population in use]. ETAP: ekonomicheskaya teoriya, analiz, praktika = ETAP: Economic Theory, Analysis and Practice, 2015, no. 3, pp. 102–113. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  8. Ermakov S.P., Molchanova E.V., Terekhin P.A., Novgorodova A.V. [Evaluation of indicators of population health in Russia and Finland]. ETAP: ekonomicheskaya teoriya, analiz, praktika = ETAP: Economic Theory, Analysis and Practice, 2017, no. 1, pp. 86–107. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  9. Kobyakova O.S., Deev I.A., Boikov V.A. et al. [Possible application of daily to health assessment of population in Russia]. Sotsial'nye aspekty zdorov'ya naseleniya, 2015, no. 2, p. 14. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  10. Ivliev M.I., Cheremisina N.V. [Demographic situation in modern Russia]. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie yavleniya i protsessy = Social and Economic Phenomena and Processes, 2014, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 48–53. (In Russ.)
  11. Molchanova E.V., Burkin M.M. [The possibility of introducing benchmarking in public health systems]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo = Journal of Economy and Entrepreneurship, 2018, no. 3, pp. 1267–1275. (In Russ.)
  12. Semenov V.Yu. [Some results of modernization programms in health system in the Russian Federation]. Menedzher zdravookhraneniya = Manager of Health Care, 2016, no. 10, pp. 16–23. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  13. Harmer A. The BRICS Countries: A New Force in Global Health? Bulletin World Health Organization, 2014, vol. 92, pp. 394–395. URL: Link
  14. Van E. [Change of the demographic politics in China: Reasons, results, prospects]. Narodonaselenie = Population, 2018, no. 1, pp. 84–96. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  15. Stepchuk M.A. [Developing a three-tier system of primary health care and a three-stage organization of its first tier]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' = National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2014, no. 45, pp. 37–46. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  16. Korobkova O.K. [Problems of improving medical services in the rural areas of the Russian regions]. Aktual'niye problemy ekonomiki i prava = Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2015, no. 1, pp. 179–186. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  17. Shilova L.S. [Modernization of Russian healthcare: Challenges, expectations and reality]. Vestnik instituta sotsiologii = Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology, 2013, no. 6, pp. 146–162. (In Russ.)
  18. Rusanova N.E. [Health of population: From individual value to the basic factor of economic development]. Narodonaselenie = Population, 2018, no. 1, pp. 109–121. URL: Link (In Russ.)

View all articles of issue

 

ISSN 2311-875X (Online)
ISSN 2073-2872 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 14, Iss. 12
December 2018

Archive