Subject The article presents findings of a comparative analysis of forest resources and wood processing sectors in border areas of Russia and Mongolia. Objectives The research examines the future development of the forest sector by analyzing the consumption of forest resources and data of wood processing industries of Mongolia and border areas of Russia and the Tuvinian region, in particular. Methods The research draws upon empirical methods, methods of logic, statistical and comparative analysis. Results The forest infrastructure on the Russian–Mongolian border was found to be underdeveloped due to technological obsolescence, moral and physical wear and tear of equipment and inappropriate conditions for export of wood products to Mongolia. Conclusions and Relevance Forest resources of the Russian–Mongolian border areas constitute a good basis for long-term cooperation and further sustainable development of the Russian–Mongolian cross-border partnership. This mainly concerns the Tuvinian region since the Tyva Republic has the potential for increasing the stock of timber. The cooperation between Mongolia and Tyva Republic will induce the growth in the forest sector of the Tyva Republic and Siberian Federal District as a whole, and socio-economic development of the region.
Keywords: border area, forest resources, Tyva–Mongolia border area
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