National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

Evaluating the efficiency of the environmental security policy in the Russian regions

Vol. 14, Iss. 12, DECEMBER 2018

Received: 21 September 2018

Received in revised form: 15 October 2018

Accepted: 2 November 2018

Available online: 14 December 2018

Subject Heading: ECOLOGY OF LIVING SYSTEMS

JEL Classification: Q51, Q57, R11

Pages: 2356–2372

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.14.12.2356

Shkiperova G.T. Institute of Economics of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (IE KRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation
shkiperova@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0500-9912

Druzhinin P.V. Institute of Economics of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (IE KRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation
pdruzhinin@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5303-0455

Subject Considering the existing environmental situation, it becomes especially important for the State to regulate the anthropogenic footprint on the environment in the Russian Federation. Current amendments to the legislative framework for environmental security are intended to ensure the innovative development of regions concurrently with a reduction in adverse environmental effects and more active environmental policy.
Objectives The research is to devise methodological tools to evaluate the efficiency of environmental policy in regions.
Methods The research employs qualitative and quantitative methods of economic analysis, including statistical and content analysis, rating, matrix zoning. The dataset proceeds from the Federal State Statistics Service, governmental reports on the current environmental situation and environmental protection in the Russian Federation.
Results We propose our approach to evaluating the efficiency of environmental policy. The approach may help trace the correlation between the quality of strategic documents and changes in environmental indicators for a certain period, flag the challenging areas in terms of the environmental policy implementation and outline possible development paths. The approach extends the list of quantification indicators in line with those ones adopted internationally and presented in the Environmental Security Strategy of the Russian Federation up to 2025. We evaluated the efficiency of the environmental policy referring to the regions of the Northwestern Federal District for the period from 2012–2016.
Conclusions and Relevance Having analyzed the evaluation results, most of the Northwestern regions tend to be controversial and ambivalent in setting environmental goals and achieving them. The findings may prove useful as the analytical and data basis for articulating the environmental and economic policy of the regions.

Keywords: environmental policy, socio-economic development strategy, environmental quality, Northwestern Federal District

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