Subject The article examines non-economic factors of the national economic security. Objectives The research is an attempt to use statistical data and justify a non-economic factor of economic development, such as culture, ethics of economic relations. We also determine how it influences the development of the shadow sector of the Russian economy. Methods The research employs analytical and statistical approaches, comparative analysis, content-analysis. Results Although there is a theoretical and methodological kernel, economics security theory is not well elaborated. This obstructs the use of sociological tools as much as needed, which corresponds with the current principle of anthropocentrism in economic research, and cross-disciplinary tendency. The methodology of sociological research allows to identify the issue of habitualizing informal economic practices in Russia. To explain our views, we relied upon findings of sociological surveys performed by renown organizations. Principal non-economic factors of economic security include the persistent social confrontation of hired workforce, entrepreneurs and power, moral and ethical decay of the contemporary Russian society, paternalistic attitude of the people to the State, double standards seen in the way the people treat corruption. Conclusions and Relevance The economic security culture, transformation of values and development of economic ethics free from the shadow side are key non-economic factors of social development and economic growth. These non-economic factors should be totally considered as an ideological aspect setting up priorities of social and economic policy of the State.
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