Subject The article determines substantive characteristics of innovation management in terms of systems analysis, referring to the economic security theory and methodology under study. Objectives The article analyzes the extent to which innovation management processes influence the economic security level of the Russian Federation, and makes suggestions for improving the national economic security methods in line with the innovation level and their management methods. Methods The research employs systems analysis methods, historic-logical methods, goal setting, measurement, etc. Results I analyze the existing relationship and correlation among categories of innovation and economic security. The article presents the mathematical interpretation of innovation management from perspectives of economic security by dividing the economic security system in two sub-systems – ends and means (like the symmetric difference of sets). I provide the rationale for certain fundamental functions to be used in studying the operation of the innovation system. Conclusions and Relevance The existing system of innovation management tools insufficiently complies with the contemporary economic security system. This reveals further development paths. There should be an up-to-date innovation system for counteracting threats and challenges, and innovation infrastructure as a driver of the innovation strategy of the Russian Federation.
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