Subject Nowadays labor is regarded as a key factor of production, directly depending on demographic development trends. As Russia and Belarus saw crucial changes in the public reproduction indicators in the second half of the 20th century, the labor potential systemically reduced, thus causing a shortage of talent. Under the current circumstances, it is necessary to use available labor reserves which may be untapped by the Union State. Objectives The research attempts to find out and substantiate whether the Union State's economy can be provided with labor resources notwithstanding the unfavorable demographic situation. Methods The research employs traditional methods of research, such as analysis, synthesis, comparison and generalization, and principles of systems and comprehensive approaches. Results I discerned the operational specifics of national markets of Russia and Belarus, which resulted in labor potential development trends seen in the Union State. They include stable employment and relatively low unemployment rates, preservation of numerous low-end jobs, employment in the informal sector of economy, poor social welfare. Conclusions and Relevance I propose and substantiate a set of measures to develop the labor potential of the Union State, which intend to create highly productive jobs, implement the supranational policy for higher flexibility of the labor market and social security, develop the Russian-Belarus relationships in the international labor migration control. As a conclusion, I emphasize the complimentary nature of labor market institutions, thus providing the rationale for a comprehensive approach to the proposed measures.
Keywords: labor potential, Union State, demographic transition, labor market
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