National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

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Assessing the efficacy of scientific activities

Vol. 15, Iss. 2, FEBRUARY 2019

Received: 2 November 2018

Received in revised form: 28 November 2018

Accepted: 20 December 2018

Available online: 15 February 2019

Subject Heading: NATIONAL INTERESTS

JEL Classification: O03

Pages: 258–272

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.15.2.258

Pronichkin S.V. Federal Research Center Computer Science and Control of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
pronichkin@mail.ru

ORCID id: not available

Subject The existing circumstances crucially changes the nature of scientific activities. To get a more profound understanding of R&D issues, it is necessary to study basic and applied researches and find efficacy evaluation practices. Processes in science, development trends in some areas, research efficiency drivers, social importance of some findings constitute the subject of this research.
Objectives I elaborate aspects of evaluating the efficacy of scientific activities, analyze distinctive features of national and foreign practices and discuss methodological issues.
Methods The research is based on the classification and structural analysis, logic and functional methods, principles of systems research to identify cause-and-effect relationships.
Results I examined organizational and financial practices in science and point out distinctions in the current development of science. The article overviews methods for evaluating the efficacy of basic and applied research and sheds light on methodological discussions. I discern the efficacy evaluation of basic and applied research and underline the specifics of supporting young scholars in their basic research. The article sets out new scientific and methodological approaches to evaluate the efficacy of scientific activities.
Conclusions and Relevance High uncertainty of timelines and results of basic research hampers the efficacy evaluation by results. As part of efficacy evaluation methods of applied research, quantitative indicators are important, while qualitative indicators and practical feasibility are not regarded. The findings may prove useful for entities operating in the national innovation system of Russia for R&D planning and management.

Keywords: efficacy, scientific activities, scientific organizations, research and development, research area

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