Subject Energy security has been increasingly important in solving the problems of large energy systems development. The article considers the evolution of the energy security concept. Objectives The purpose of the study is to identify factors behind the evolution of the energy security concept. Methods In the study, I apply general theoretical methods of scientific knowledge, such as analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction. Results I distinguish five stages in the evolution of the energy security concept. The paper considers the change in the content of the energy security concept against the backdrop of historical events and analysis of socio-economic situation in a given period. The analysis of special features of socio-economic development and events that took place during the selected period of time enabled to achieve the principal objective of the study, i.e. to identify factors that contributed to the evolution of the energy security concept. Conclusions and Relevance The analysis demonstrated that the energy security concept has evolved considerably. Numerous factors, like complicated interrelations between economy and energy, increasing political and economic risks, rapid introduction of new technologies in the production and processing of energy resources, and others are conducive to its further development.
Keywords: economy, energy, energy security, fuel and energy sector
Fouquet R. Heat, Power and Light: Revolutions in Energy Services. UK, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008, 470 p.
Jevons W.S. The Coal Question: An Inquiry Concerning the Progress of the Nation, and the Probable Exhaustion of Our Coal Mines. London, MacMillan, 1866, 411 p.
Yergin D. The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power. New York, Simon & Schuster, 1991, 908 p.
Becker P. The Role of Synthetic Fuel in World War II Germany: Implication for Today? Air University Review, 1981, vol. 32, iss. 5, pp. 45–53.
Bamberg J. British Petroleum and Global Oil 1950–1975: The Challenge of Nationalism. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2000, 666 p.
Lubell H. Security of Supply and Energy Policy in Western Europe. World Politics, 1961, vol. 13, iss. 3, pp. 400–422. URL: Link
Colglazier E.W., Deese D.A. Energy and Security in the 1980s. Annual Review of Energy, 1983, vol. 8, iss. 1, pp. 415–449.
Bohi D.R., Toman M.A. The Economics of Energy Security. Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996, 152 p. URL: Link
Deese D.A. Energy: Economics, Politics, and Security. International Security, 1979, vol. 4, iss. 3, pp. 140–153. URL: Link
Berglund T., Modén L. Optimization of the Power Production System Taking into Consideration Security in Supply, Load and Different Types of Production. In: Electrical Load-Curve Coverage: Proceedings of the Symposium on Load-Curve Coverage in Future Electric Power Generating Systems, Rome, Italy, 24–28 October 1977. Elsevier Ltd., 1979, pp. 65–76. URL: Link
Georgiou G.C. US Energy Security and Policy Options for the 1990s. Energy Policy, 1993, vol. 21, iss. 8, pp. 831–839. URL: Link90168-F
Zweifel P., Bonomo S. Energy Security: Coping with Multiple Supply Risks. Energy Economics, 1995, vol. 17, iss. 3, pp. 179–183. URL: Link00018-P
Chester L. Conceptualising Energy Security and Making Explicit its Polysemic Nature. Energy Policy, 2010, vol. 38, iss. 2, pp. 887–895. URL: Link
Wright P. Liberalisation and the Security of Gas Supply in the UK. Energy Policy, 2005, vol. 33, ss. 17, pp. 2272–2290. URL: Link
Kruyt B., van Vuuren D.P., de Vries H.J.M., Groenenber H. Indicators for Energy Security. Energy Policy, 2009, vol. 37, iss. 6, pp. 2166–2181. URL: Link
Baldwin D.A. The Concept of Security. Review of International Studies, 1997, vol. 23, pp. 5–26. URL: Link%20The%20Concept%20of%20Security.pdf
Zhou W., Kou A., Chen J., Ding B. A Retrospective Analysis with Bibliometric of Energy Security in 2000–2017. Energy Reports, 2018, vol. 4, pp. 724–732. URL: Link
Ang B.W., Choong W.L., Ng T.S. Energy Security: Definitions, Dimensions and Indexes. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015, vol. 42, pp. 1077–1093. URL: Link
Goldthau A., Witte J.M. Global Energy Governance: The New Rules of the Game. Berlin, Global Public Policy Institute, 2010, 372 p.
Smil V. Energy Transitions: Global and National Perspectives. Santa Barbara, Praeger, 2017, 282 p.
Perkins J.H. Changing Energy: The Transition to a Sustainable Future. Oakland, University of California Press, 2017, 344 p.
Tertzakian P., Hollihan K. The End of Energy Obesity: Breaking Today's Energy Addiction for a Prosperous and Secure Tomorrow. New Jersey, John Wiley & Sons, 2009, 296 p.
A Quest for Energy Security in the 21st Century: Resources and Constraints. A Report by the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre. Tokyo, Institute of Energy Economics, 2007, 113 p. URL: Link
Hughes L. A Generic Framework for the Description and Analysis of Energy Security in an Energy System. Energy Policy, 2012, vol. 42, pp. 221–231. URL: Link
Sovacool B.K. The Methodological Challenges of Creating a Comprehensive Energy Security Index. Energy Policy, 2012, vol. 48, pp. 835–840. URL: Link
Cherp A., Jewell J. The Concept of Energy Security: Beyond the Four As. Energy Policy, 2014, vol. 75, pp. 415–421. URL: Link
Rösch Ch., Bräutigam K., Kopfmüller J., Stelzer V., Lichtner P. Indicator System for the Sustainability Assessment of the German Energy System and its Transition. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 2017, vol. 7, iss. 1. URL: Link
Dannreuther R. Energy Security. Cambridge, Polity Press, 2017, 220 p.
Sovacool B.K. How Long Will It Take? Conceptualizing the Temporal Dynamics of Energy Transitions. Energy Research & Social Science, 2016, no. 13, pp. 202–215. URL: Link
Senderov S.M., Rabchuk V.I. [The State of Russia's Energy Security at the Federal Level: A Methodological Approach to Evaluation and Main Results]. Izvestiya Rossiiskoi akademii nauk. Energiya = Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Power Engineering, 2018, no. 2, pp. 3–18. (In Russ.)