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A structural analysis of land use in Russia

Vol. 15, Iss. 6, JUNE 2019

Received: 26 November 2018

Received in revised form: 18 December 2018

Accepted: 14 January 2019

Available online: 17 June 2019

Subject Heading: ECONOMIC POLICY OF THE STATE

JEL Classification: Q15, Q24, R14

Pages: 1057–1074

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.15.6.1057

Smirnov V.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (ChuvSU), Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation
v2v3s4@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6198-3157

Mulendeeva A.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (ChuvSU), Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation
alena-mulendeeva@yandex.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9852-9804

Subject The article reviews the land use in Russia and analyzes its structure.
Objectives The study identifies key issues, evaluates the potential for land use in Russia.
Methods Research is based on a systems approach and methods of statistical analysis.
Results We determined Russia's positions by area and quality of arable land, permanent pastures, forest. The article overviews the global methodology for land use intended to develop the reasonable use of land plots. We analyze the potential for the Russian land use, evaluating the land cover, its class, type and common features of land use. A reduction in arable land and permanent crops was found to be substituted with permanent pastures and meadows.
Conclusions and Relevance The problem of land use in Russia is a combination of extensive areas and complicated natural conditions and climate. Consequently, high-tech means of labor and professional talent are needed. Failure to find some solutions increases the percentage of grazing land, forests, while the percentage of arable land in total land area continues to decline. This happens due to a loss of arable land in the Far East and its concentration in areas with favorable natural conditions and climate. In the mean time, a reduction in arable land and permanent crops will not have a palpable impact on the production of wheat, corn, vegetable oil. Russia will remain a large exporter of agricultural products. The findings may serve for implementing and improving the governmental policy for land use in the Russian Federation.

Keywords: land area, land tenure, grazing land, arable land, structural analysis

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