Subject The article reviews structural components of economic security and probable threats from perspectives of the national security of States. Objectives The study investigates the creation of economic security institution in Russia and abroad in terms of the bipolar comparison of superpowers. The article also analyzes the theory and practice of mercantilism, protectionism, economic sovereignty. I evaluate the military security on the national economic development and review what basically distinguishes the concept of economic security as formulated by the Russian and western scholars in terms of international relations and global policy. Methods The research employs the conceptual analysis of theoretical issues put by the Russian and foreign scholars and practically implements those approaches. Results The article sets out theoretical aspects of the concept of economic security as part of international relations in English-speaking countries and Asian countries. I also demonstrate the specifics of the national economic security in Russia and abroad. Conclusions and Relevance Seeing the international situation escalate and sanctions be imposed, it is especially important to analyze national security issues. The economic security construct throughout countries prioritizes national interests in economics, formulates the economic policy and determines systemic measures to counteract external and internal threats, controlling the performance of the national economic security initiatives.
Keywords: national economic security, economic sovereignty, financial system, national economy
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