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Social and labor adaptation of elderly people in Russia and Finland

Vol. 15, Iss. 10, OCTOBER 2019

Received: 20 August 2019

Received in revised form: 10 September 2019

Accepted: 24 September 2019

Available online: 15 October 2019

Subject Heading: SOCIAL SERVICES AND EDUCATION

JEL Classification: I15, I18, J13

Pages: 1912–1930

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.15.10.1912

Molchanova E.V. Institute of Economics of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (KarRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation
molch@yandex.ru

ORCID id: not available

Burkin M.M. Petrozavodsk State University (PetrSU), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation
burkin@onego.ru

ORCID id: not available

Subject The article examines the demographic process of population aging in Russia and Finland.
Objectives The research compares and assesses the efficiency of mechanisms for social and labor adaptation of elderly people in Russia, Republic of Karelia (Russia) and Finland. We also spotlight the most promising areas for health care, social welfare, labor and professional fulfillment, training for elderly people.
Methods We analyze the current situation using official statistics, including the WHO database and Russian statistical yearbooks. We conducted a comparative analysis of key medical, demographics and socio-economic indicators and evaluate legislative and regulatory documents on social and labor adaptation of elderly people.
Results We comprehensively analyzed the current situation at the macro- and mesolevels by comparing countries and gradually refocusing on regional trends. The article evaluates the efficiency of mechanism for social and labor adaptation of elderly people in Russia, Republic of Karelia (Russia) and Finland. We also analyze programs for physical and mental health protection, health care and social welfare, labor and professional fulfillment, educational propositions for elderly people. The article emphasized the possibility of implementing the Finnish social innovations for the third age group in Russia, including the regional level.
Conclusions and Relevance Studying various aspects of social and labor adaptation of elderly people, we point out key approaches. The findings can serve for formulating programs, identifying negative trends in population aging and creating new approaches to public health protection.

Keywords: health, demography, health care system, population aging

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