National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

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Analysis of the innovative development of the APEC countries

Vol. 15, Iss. 10, OCTOBER 2019

Received: 29 January 2019

Received in revised form: 20 February 2019

Accepted: 15 March 2019

Available online: 15 October 2019

Subject Heading: INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS

JEL Classification: F20, F29, O31, O32, O33

Pages: 1949–1968

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.15.10.1949

Smirnov V.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (ChuvSU), Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation
v2v3s4@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6198-3157

Mulendeeva A.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (ChuvSU), Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation
alena-mulendeeva@yandex.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9852-9804

Subject The article discusses the innovative development of the APEC countries and analyzes their Global Innovation Index (GII).
Objectives Clustering GII, we identify opportunities for the innovative development of the APEC countries.
Methods The research is based on the systems approach and cluster analysis.
Results The article highlights innovative development challenges around the globe and in the APEC countries. Cluster analysis helped find multi-component and two-component union of clusters and precursors for their emergence. We performed the comparative analysis of the APEC countries by institution, human capital and research, and identified leaders represented by Hong Kong, Republic of Korea, New Zealand, Singapore and the USA.
Conclusions and Relevance To preserve the appropriate conditions, it is necessary to intensify the international cooperation in innovation by creating the international innovative environment and integrating national innovative systems of the APEC countries in it. The international innovative system should rest upon the currently active clusters of the APEC countries in terms of several factors. What Russia can contribute to the APEC is to increase the innovative activity of companies from Siberia and the Far East so as to develop the international cooperation with China, Hong Kong, Republic of Korea, New Zealand and Singapore and actively involve such factors as institutions, human capital and research. The findings would be useful for improving the national innovative system and forming the international innovative system of the APEC countries.

Keywords: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Global Innovation Index, cluster analysis, international innovation system, national innovation system

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