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National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

State support and regulation of startup development: Russian and foreign experience

Vol. 19, Iss. 1, JANUARY 2023

Received: 5 September 2022

Received in revised form: 22 October 2022

Accepted: 4 December 2022

Available online: 16 January 2023

Subject Heading: INNOVATION AND INVESTMENT

JEL Classification: О31, О38, О57

Pages: 90–108

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.19.1.90

Irina A. RODIONOVA Saratov State University of Genetics, Biotechnology and Engineering named after N.I. Vavilov (Vavilov University), Saratov, Russian Federation
rodionov56@yandex.ru

ORCID id: not available

Mikhail A. BOLOKHONOV Saratov State University of Genetics, Biotechnology and Engineering named after N.I. Vavilov (Vavilov University) Saratov, Russian Federation
bolohonov@list.ru

ORCID id: not available

Viktoriya V. TOROPOVA Saratov State University of Genetics, Biotechnology and Engineering named after N.I. Vavilov (Vavilov University) Saratov, Russian Federation
toropova_victoria@mail.ru

ORCID id: not available

Ol'ga A. VASIL'EVA Saratov State University of Genetics, Biotechnology and Engineering named after N.I. Vavilov (Vavilov University) Saratov, Russian Federation
olanvas20@mail.ru

ORCID id: not available

Subject. The article addresses modernization of the Russian economy, development of start-ups as significant elements of the national innovation system.
Objectives. The focus is on the analysis of State support for start-ups in Russia and foreign countries, identification of specific aspects of innovative projects financing.
Methods. The study employs methods of comparative analysis.
Results. We analyzed the current state of startup development in the leading countries of the world, the specifics, disadvantages and advantages of government programs of financial support for small innovative businesses. The paper identifies factors constraining the development of startups in Russia, offers measures to improve the State support to small innovative enterprises.
Conclusions. The efficiency of State support for small and medium-sized businesses can be enhanced through flexible financial and organizational tools, as well as creation of a favorable innovation environment.

Keywords: innovation, startup, government support, foreign experience

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