Ivanova A.E.V.P. Larionov's Institute of Physical-Technical Problems of the North, Siberian Branch of RAS, (IPTPN SB RAS), Yakutsk, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Russian Federation firstname.lastname@example.org
Pavlov N.V.V.P. Larionov's Institute of Physical-Technical Problems of the North, Siberian Branch of RAS, (IPTPN SB RAS), Yakutsk, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Russian Federation email@example.com
Petrova T.N.V.P. Larionov's Institute of Physical-Technical Problems of the North, Siberian Branch of RAS, (IPTPN SB RAS), Yakutsk, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Russian Federation firstname.lastname@example.org
Subject The article deals with the issues of resource energy efficiency in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Objectives The article aims to assess energy efficiency indicators for the economy of the Republic and determine the qualitative impact of the use of fuel and energy resources in Yakutia. Methods To produce a consolidated fuel and energy balance, we used a balance method based on the bottoms-up induction technique. Results The article reveals a general trend in the production and consumption of fuel and energy resources in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. It defines the energy efficiency ratios of final consumption and conversion. The article also shows the developed system of energy efficiency indicators for the economy and the main problems and directions for improving the supply-demand balance. Conclusions and Relevance The analysis of the reporting energy balance shows a low level of energy efficiency in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic's economy, as evidenced by the decline in the energy utilization rating. Technological modernization of the entire Republic's energy system is required. The results of the energy efficiency evaluation of fuel and energy resources use for the period of 2010 to 2015 can be applied in the development of a fuel and energy industry strategy, as well as forecasting the production and consumption of fuel and energy resources and energy efficiency of both energy facilities and the economy as a whole.
Keywords: fuel and energy balance, boiler and furnace fuels, energy conversion, end-use energy demand, energy efficiency rating
Kuz'min A.N., Mikheeva E.Yu., Pavlov N.V. Perspektivy razvitiya maloi teplofikatsii v Respublike Sakha (Yakutiya) [Prospects for the development of small district heating in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic]. Novosibirsk, SB of RAS Publ., 2013, 101 p.
Kiushkina V.R., Sharipova A.R. [Trends of decentralization of energy and the ways to improve the small-scale energy]. Promyshlennaya energetika= Industrial Energy, 2014, no. 5, pp. 2–8. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Lyubimova E.V., Suslov N.I., Mishura A.V. et al. Metodologiya i praktika postroeniya i ispol'zovaniya regional'nykh toplivno-energeticheskikh balansov [A methodology and practice for development and use of regional fuel and energy balances]. Novosibirsk, Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering of SB RAS Publ., 2010, 450 p.
Nekrasov A.S., Sinyak Yu.V., Yanpol'skii V.A. Postroenie i analiz energeticheskogo balansa. Voprosy metodologii i metodiki [Development and analysis of the energy balance. Questions of methodology and techniques]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1974, 178 p.
Nekrasov A.S. Analiz i prognozy razvitiya otraslei toplivno-energeticheskogo kompleksa [An analysis and forecast of the development of sectors of fuel and energy complex]. Moscow, Leto Indastriz Publ., 2013, 592 p.
Makarov A.A., Shapot D.V., Lukatskii A.M., Malakhov V.A. [Instrumental tools for quantitative research of interrelations of energy and economy]. Ekonomika i matematicheskie metody = Economics and Mathematical Methods, 2002, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 45–56. (In Russ.)
Churashev V.N., Suslov N.I., Markova V.M. [Formation of long-term fuel and energy balances by subject of the Russian Federation: the Novosibirsk oblast case stady]. Interekspo Geo-Sibir' = Interexpo Geo-Siberia, 2007, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 161–163. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Romanov S.M., Alekseev G.F. [Methodology of formation and management of regional energy balance]. Gornyi informatsionno-analiticheskii byulleten' (nauchno-tekhnicheskii zhurnal) = Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin (Scientific and Technical Journal), 2010, vol. 1, no. 12, pp. 143–150. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Saneev B.G., Sokolov A.D., Muzychuk S.Yu., Muzychuk R.I. [Energy balances in the system of complex studies on development of regional fuel and energy complexes]. Izvestiya Rossiiskoi akademii nauk. Energetika = Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Power Engineering, 2011, no. 2, pp. 21–35. (In Russ.)
Saneev B.G., Sokolov A.D., Muzychyuk S.Yu., Muzychyuk R.I. [Methodical approach to estimation of energy efficiency parameters of the economy under the structural changes in the fuel and energy balance (on the example of Baikal Region)]. Prostranstvennaya ekonomika = Spatial Economics, 2013, no. 4, pp. 90–106. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Zakharov V.E., Kuz'min A.N., Ignat'ev V.S. et al. Toplivno-energeticheskii balans Respubliki Sakha (Yakutiya): kollektivnaya monografiya. Chast' I [The Sakha (Yakutiya) Republic energy balance: a collective monograph. Part 1]. Yakutsk, Sakhapoligrafizdat Publ., 2005, 160 p.
Alekseev G.F., Safronov A.F. [Potentialities of the oil and gas complex in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)]. Mineral'nye resursy Rossii. Ekonomika i upravlenie = Mineral Resources of Russia. EconomicsandManagement, 2009, no. 1, pp. 29–33. (In Russ.)
Saneev B.G. et al. Vostochnyi vektor energeticheskoi strategii Rossii: sovremennoe sostoyanie, vzglyad v budushchee: kollektivnaya monografiya [The eastern vector of Russia's energy strategy: state of the art and prospects: a collective monograph]. Novosibirsk, Geo Publ., 2011, 368 p.
Zakharov V.E., Ivanova A.E. [Energy balance of Sakha Republic's northern administrative districts and Chukchi Autonomous District]. Izvestiya vuzov. Problemy energetiki = Proceedings of Universities. Energy Sector Problems, 2015, no. 7-8, pp. 47–54. (In Russ.)