Importance This article attracts attention to and discusses the problem of changing the number of preschool-age children in Russia. Objectives The article aims to study the number of preschool-age children in 1990–2016 and consider possible variants of its change after 2017. Methods On the basis of Rosstat data, the article determines the changes in the number of preschool-age children in Russia as a whole and by region up to 2017. To estimate demographic changes in 2017–2050, I used the change of population of Russia forecast data, prepared at the Faculty of Economics of the Lomonosov Moscow State University. Results The article presents the results of the analysis of changes in the number of children and their proportion in the entire population of Russia in the 1990s and 2000–2010. The article gives data on the demographic situation in the Federal districts. According to the forecast, only the most favorable option allows to have as many preschool-age children by 2050 as in 2016, but their percentage in the whole population of Russia will get reduced. Conclusions To improve the situation, it is necessary to develop an infrastructure for children, taking into account the impact of demographic waves, creating a friendly environment for families with children of preschool age, and improving the quality of training of specialists for the government bodies.
Keywords: preschool educational establishment, preschool-age children, regions of Russia, demographic projection
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