Regional Economics: Theory and Practice
 

Horticulture in Russia: Current trends and measures to improve State regulation

Vol. 16, Iss. 12, DECEMBER 2018

Received: 20 October 2018

Received in revised form: 2 November 2018

Accepted: 7 November 2018

Available online: 14 December 2018

Subject Heading: AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

JEL Classification: Q01, Q13, Q16, Q18

Pages: 2303–2316

https://doi.org/10.24891/re.16.12.2303

Sharipov Sh.I. Dagestan State University of National Economy, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation
sharips@mail.ru

ORCID id: not available

Ibragimova B.Sh. Dagestan Regional Branch of Russian Agricultural Bank, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation
Bakhu1991@mail.ru

ORCID id: not available

Subject The study investigates the condition and prospects for horticulture development in Russia and the country's self-sufficiency in fruit and berries.
Objectives We aim to identify trends and prospects for horticulture development in Russia, reveal factors hindering the industry's development, and work out ways to improve the State support.
Methods The study draws on methods of logical and statistical analysis (dynamics, comparison and grouping).
Results Low-tech farms continue dominating, the level of self-sufficiency in internally produced fruit is still the lowest among the main types of foodstuffs. We reveal a close relationship between the level of technological effectiveness of horticulture and the self-sufficiency in fruit: the higher the proportion of agricultural organizations in the production structure, the higher the self-sufficiency. A transfer of the industry to intensive forms is observed – the share of intensive type gardens is more than sixty percent of the total area of new plantings.
Conclusions We offer mechanisms for further development of gardening, which will enable to achieve progress in reducing the high import dependence. We also make proposals for improving the State regulation, including through a radical enhancement of the system of agricultural and technological support on the part of industry-based scientific institutions. The paper includes measures to create cooperative relationships in horticulture by efficient use of grant support to strengthen the material and technical base of the system of agricultural consumer cooperation.

Keywords: gardening, horticulture, State support, self-sufficiency, import

References:

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