Subject This article discusses the prospects for the development of the regional energy system through proliferation of the traditional energy technologies use. It also examines the potential for the development of various types of renewable energy sources that can offset the growing energy deficit. Objectives The article aims to develop an economic and mathematical model that allows optimizing the development of the regional energy system with respect to ecological and economic criteria. Methods For the study, we used the life-cycle assessment (LCA) methodology in accordance with ISO 14000, cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA), and the linear programming (LP) method. Results The article says that when optimizing the development of the regional energy system of the Krasnodar Krai in terms of economic parameters, it is preferable to utilize bio-waste and solid household waste (MSW) as sources of energy, fully utilizing the potential of wind power. Photovoltaics (PV) generation can be involved by residual principle. When optimizing the energy mix with respect to environmental criteria, the involvement of biogas generation is impractical. Conclusions After full use of the potential of processing of MSW and wind energy, the difference between the used potential of renewable sources of energy and the required volume of generation can be compensated by the development of photovoltaics.
Keywords: regional energy system, energy balance, environmental footprint, product life cycle analysis, optimization, modeling
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