Regional Economics: Theory and Practice

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Concerns related to innovation security of the Kaliningrad Oblast as a borderland region

Vol. 17, Iss. 5, MAY 2019

Received: 18 February 2019

Received in revised form: 18 March 2019

Accepted: 28 March 2019

Available online: 16 May 2019


JEL Classification: D83, D85, F52, O33

Pages: 910–925

Mikhailova A.A. Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation

Subject The study deals with innovation as an essential prerequisite for long-term sustainable development at the country and regional level. It considers a new approach to innovation security, enabling to address the specifics and interests of a particular region when identifying, preventing and reducing the current and potential threats to its knowledge-based economy.
Objectives The purpose is to explore the specifics of innovation security in the border region most affected by the impact of foreign policy developments on its innovation. The object of study is the Kaliningrad oblast, a Russian exclave on the Baltic Sea coast, where the innovation security issue in conditions of geopolitical turbulence is particularly acute.
Methods The study draws on theoretical and practical scientific approaches to innovation security. It employs general scientific methods, like analysis and synthesis, logical and theoretical generalization, systems and complex analysis.
Results I show the specificity of threats to innovation security of the border region, perform a comprehensive analysis of threats to the Kaliningrad oblast by five groups of factors describing the migration processes, infrastructure security, economic structure, information flows, networks and integration of the oblast with border regions of Lithuania and Poland.
Conclusions The paper defines the dependence of innovation in the region on the country’s foreign policy. The cooling of relations between Russia and the EU member States prevents the Kaliningrad oblast from fulfilling its potential when implementing joint innovation projects with Polish and Lithuanian partners.

Keywords: national security, economic security, border region, innovation policy, geopolitics


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